1. Polymer 51(12):2611–2620, Roland CM, Archer LA, Mott PH, Sanchez-Reyes J (2004) Determining rouse relaxation times from the dynamic modulus of entangled polymers. The material properties and processing conditions have a significant impact on the process and the final thermal/mechanical properties. S.P.R. Biomaterials 34(10):2389–2398, Cena CR, Silva MJ, Malmonge LF, Malmonge JA (2018) Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) sub-microfibers produced by solution blow spinning. Cite this article. Markets Polymer Processing Polymer Synthesis DMSO is a powerful solvent capable of dissolving highly insoluble monomers and retaining high molecular weight polymers in solution, which makes it the ideal solvent for a number of polymer … Druckansicht der Internetadresse: document.write(document.URL); Prof. Dr.-Ing. We have investigated the influence of the source material, solution … Because the Injection Molding. Polymer families tend to have a wide range of processing conditions so supplier specific information and grade specific information should be used whenever possible when design-ing molds or setting up processing conditions. Mater Chem Phys 182:338–346, da Silva Parize DD, de Oliveira JE, Foschini MM, Marconcini JM, Mattoso LHC (2016) Poly(lactic acid) fibers obtained by solution blow spinning: effect of a greener solvent on the fiber diameter. Seventy-nine articles related to polymeric fibers produced by SBS, reported from January 2010 to May 2019, were chosen among four databases, using precise keywords. The material moisture content should … J Nanosci Nanotechnol 12(3):2733–2741, Oliveira JE, Medeiros ES, Cardozo L, Voll F, Madureira EH, Mattoso LH, Assis OB (2013) Development of poly(lactic acid) nanostructured membranes for the controlled delivery of progesterone to livestock animals. Biomed Phys Eng Express 2(3):035007, Molnár K, Mészáros L (2020) Editorial corner – a personal view: the role of electrospun nanofibers in the fight against the COVID-19. Appl Phys A Mater Sci Process 124(5):362, Hofmann E, Kruger K, Haynl C, Scheibel T, Trebbin M, Forster S (2018) Microfluidic nozzle device for ultrafine fiber solution blow spinning with precise diameter control. Polymer 52(14):3209–3218, Tutak W, Sarkar S, Lin-Gibson S, Farooque TM, Jyotsnendu G, Wang D, Kohn J, Bolikal D, Simon Jr CG (2013) The support of bone marrow stromal cell differentiation by airbrushed nanofiber scaffolds. Dias, F.T.G., Rempel, S.P., Agnol, L.D. Typically, if about half the machine’s shot capacity is used in each shot, barrel temperatures are set almost the same … Polymer 46(10):3372–3384, Rajendran M, Bhattacharya AK (2004) Production of rare-earth orthoferrite ceramic fibres by aqueous sol-gel blow spinning process. This review aims at providing an examination of the central polymeric systems that have been tested by the Solution Blow Spinning Technique (SBS). Polymers face many of the same problems as pigments. J Environ Chem Eng 5(3):2515–2523, Ren J, Huang X, Wang N, Lu K, Zhang X, Li W, Liu D (2016) Preparation of polyaniline-coated polyacrylonitrile fiber mats and their application to Cr(VI) removal. Pre-drying is not always needed for … Manufacturers must carefully understand this information to ensure proper conditions … Eur Polym J 54:1–10, Oliveira JE, Zucolotto V, Mattoso LH, Medeiros ES (2012) Multi-walled carbon nanotubes and poly(lactic acid) nanocomposite fibrous membranes prepared by solution blow spinning. J Appl Polym Sci 136(24):47647, González Benito FJ, Teno Díaz J, Torres DD, M. (2017) Solution blow spinning and obtaining submicrometric fibers of different polymers. Dietmar DrummerPhone: +49 (0)9131 / 85-29700E-mail: drummer@lkt.uni-erlangen.deHomepage: Institute of Polymer Technology. The effect of process conditions and post-processing steps like uniaxial stretching, on film strength, orientation and … The authors acknowledge financial support from the Brazilian Agency Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) through the scholarships to Silvana Pereira Rempel and Lucas Dall Agnol, and a post-doctoral fellowship to Fernanda Dias. for LLDPE under these conditions. Mater Lett 183:109–113, Santos AMC, Mota MF, Leite RS, Neves GA, Medeiros ES, Menezes RR (2018) Solution blow spun titania nanofibers from solutions of high inorganic/organic precursor ratio. had the idea to organize this review to support S.P.R.’s master’s dissertation. ACS Macro Lett 3(3):249–254, Srinivasan S, Chhatre SS, Mabry JM, Cohen RE, McKinley GH (2011) Solution spraying of poly(methyl methacrylate) blends to fabricate microtextured, superoleophobic surfaces. Markets Polymer Processing Polymer Synthesis DMSO is a powerful solvent capable of dissolving highly insoluble monomers and retaining high molecular weight polymers in solution, which makes it the ideal solvent for a number of polymer synthesis processes. Google Scholar, Teno J, González-Gaitano G, González-Benito J (2017) Poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) films prepared by solution blow spinning: surface characterization and its relation with E. coli adhesion. Many polymer systems inherently will yellow and/or darken with extended exposure to temperature. ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2(9):1442–1449, Tomecka E, Wojasinski M, Jastrzebska E, Chudy M, Ciach T, Brzozka Z (2017) Poly(l-lactic acid) and polyurethane nanofibers fabricated by solution blow spinning as potential substrates for cardiac cell culture. Internal (for hygroscopic material) and external (for non-hygroscopic material) pellet moisture levels are a common cause of both process and part quality problems. Polymer 21(3):258–262, Cheng B, Tao X, Shi L, Yan G, Zhuang X (2014) Fabrication of ZrO2 ceramic fiber mats by solution blowing process. We experimentally investigate the impact of polymer molecular weight on the films. POLYMER CRYSTALLIZATION UNDER PROCESSING CONDITIONS TABLE I Physical and Transport Properties Material ρ (kg m−3) Cp (J Kg−1 K−1) K(W m−1 K−1) Tm ( C) Cu–Be 2% alloy 8200 500 100 … This would have to take into account also the complexity introduced by the presence of the crystall ization process (Eder & Janeschitz-Kriegl, 1997). Google Scholar, Souza MA, Sakamoto KY, Mattoso LHC (2014) Release of the Diclofenac sodium by Nanofibers of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) obtained from electrospinning and solution blow spinning. Velocity distribution, polymer … Significant shear is required during processing … The temp limits are set by the polymer … J Appl Polym Sci 135(6):45782, Singh R, Ahmed F, Polley P, Giri J (2018) Fabrication and characterization of Core-Shell Nanofibers using a next-generation airbrush for biomedical applications. J Memb Sci 429:66–70, González-Benito J, Teno J, González-Gaitano G, Xu S, Chiang MY (2017) PVDF/TiO2 nanocomposites prepared by solution blow spinning: surface properties and their relation with S. Mutans adhesion. Further, high moisture content in the polymer can … PubMed  was responsible for obtaining the copyrights of the Figs. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 15(1):616–627, Oliveira JE, Moraes EA, Marconcini JM, LHC M, Glenn GM, Medeiros ES (2013) Properties of poly(lactic acid) and poly(ethylene oxide) solvent polymer mixtures and nanofibers made by solution blow spinning. ABS Processing Conditions Acrylonitrile-butadiene Styrene (ABS) has a broad processing window and can be processed on most standard machinery. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. https://doi.org/10.1177/155892501300800111, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.11.031, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password. From this study, polymeric researchers will have access to the current SBS state-of-the-art, being able to try new polymer-solvents combinations, as well as to solve the existing process inconveniences. Polymer families tend to have a wide range of processing conditions so supplier specific information and grade specific information should be used whenever possible when design-ing molds or setting up processing conditions. Dent Mater J 37(3):465–473, Cerna Nahuis LE, Alvim Valente C, de Freitas OD, de Souza Basso NR, Antonio Malmonge J (2019) Preparation and characterization of polymeric microfibers of PLGA and PLGA/PPy composite fabricated by solution blow spinning. properties do depend on the processing conditions: the best properties are obtained either in starve feeding conditions, or in flood feeding conditions, but at a low screw speed. Biomed Mater 11(3):035001, PubMed  Int J Nanoparticles Nanotech 3(1):007, Khattab TA, Rehan M, Aly SA, Hamouda T, Haggag KM, Klapötke TM (2017) Fabrication of PAN-TCF-hydrazone nanofibers by solution blowing spinning technique: naked-eye colorimetric sensor. The processing of polymers, as products of the chemical industry, into engineering and consumer goods has received much less attention. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 33(2):844–849, Oliveira J, Brichi GS, Marconcini JM, Mattoso LHC, Glenn GM, Medeiros ES (2014) Effect of solvent on the physical and morphological properties of poly(lactic acid) Nanofibers obtained by solution blow spinning. Adv Mater Sc Eng 2013:409572, Lv J, Yin X, Li R, Chen J, Lin Q, Zhu L (2019) Superhydrophobic PCL/PS composite nanofibrous membranes prepared through solution blow spinning with an airbrush for oil adsorption. PubMed Central  Introduction Polymer dissolution plays a key role in many industrial applications in a variety of areas, and an understanding of the dissolution process allows for the optimization of design and processing conditions, as well as selection of … Tissue Eng Part C Methods 21(3):284–291, Abdal-Hay A, Abdelrazek Khalil K, Al-Jassir FF, Gamal-Eldeen AM (2017) Biocompatibility properties of polyamide 6/PCL blends composite textile scaffold using EA.hy926 human endothelial cells. In some cases, relatively broad ranges are necessary to accommodate variations in … J Appl Polym Sci 136(15):47337, Teno J, González-Gaitano G, González-Benito J (2017) Nanofibrous polysulfone/TiO2 nanocomposites: surface properties and their relation with E. coliadhesion. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article. Due to their broad … Processing conditions and set points to be recorded include the following: • Actual and set point barrel and die temperatures • Melt temperature • Feed throat cooling • Screw speed • Motor load (torque, amps, or percent load) • Melt pressures in both the die and barrel • Throughput rates • Polymer pretreatment conditions… Any processing condition that causes faster cooling, for example, a lower freeze line distance, will lead to improved impact strength. PubMed Central  ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7(24):13329–13341, Zhang X, Lv J, Yin X, Li Z, Lin Q, Zhu L (2018) Nanofibrous polystyrene membranes prepared through solution blow spinning with an airbrush and the facile application in oil recovery. This … Google Scholar, Hoffman K, Skrtic D, Sun J, Tutak W (2015) Airbrushed composite polymer Zr-ACP nanofiber scaffolds with improved cell penetration for bone tissue regeneration. Polymers constitute a high … concerning polymer solidification under processing conditions is even greater if the wide latitude of morphologies achievable is considered, especially when dealing with semicrystalline polymers. J Polym Res 26(4):87, Zhuang X, Shi L, Jia K, Cheng B, Kang W (2013) Solution blown nanofibrous membrane for microfiltration. concerning polymer solidification under processing conditions is even greater if the wide latitude of morphologies achievable is considered, especially when dealing with semicrystalline polymers. J Appl Polym Sci 134(19):44802, Bolbasov EN, Stankevich KS, Sudarev EA, Bouznik VM, Kudryavtseva VL, Antonova LV, Matveeva VG, Anissimov YG, Tverdokhlebov SI (2016) The investigation of the production method influence on the structure and properties of the ferroelectric nonwoven materials based on vinylidene fluoride – tetrafluoroethylene copolymer. Google Scholar, Tang D, Zhuang X, Zhang C, Cheng B, Li X (2015) Generation of nanofibers via electrostatic-induction-assisted solution blow spinning. The determination of relevant process-oriented characteristics of polymeric materials is not fully understood up to now. Ind Eng Chem Res 53(7):2830–2838, Lou H, Li W, Li C, Wang X (2013) Systematic investigation on parameters of solution blown micro/nanofibers using response surface methodology based on box-Behnken design. Polymer processing is commonly defined as the “activity performed on polymeric materials to increase their usefulness”. However, the processing … Appl Surf Sci 307:69–76, Abdal-Hay A, Hamdy AS, Khalil KA, Lim JH (2015) A novel simple one-step air jet spinning approach for deposition of poly(vinyl acetate)/hydroxyapatite composite nanofibers on Ti implants. F.T.G.D. 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Shrinkage is of order 10-100/1000 for unfilled and 1-10/1000 for filled across the thickness From Boothroyd et al 30 Although other studies had already presented the SBS parameters and their correlations with fiber morphology, it’s still unclear for polymeric researchers which systems have already been tested, therefore some questions remain unanswered, such as: “which polymers have been used most in the art?”, “which solvents have promoted the fiber formation?”, “which additives or particles were tested for composite polymer fibers?”, “for which applications have the fibers been targeted?”, “what adaptations have been investigated to overcome the challenges of the process?”. The drying conditions… Polymer 56:452–463, Stojanovska E, Canbay E, Pampal ES, Calisir MD, Agma O, Polat Y, Simsek R, Gundogdu NAS, Akgul Y, Kilic A (2016) A review on non-electro nanofibre spinning techniques. The principal findings of these articles were presented and reviewed, using additional references as support. F.T.G.D. Phenomenon for HDPE Polymer Melt Effect of Processing Conditions and Die Design on Die Drool Phenomenon for HDPE Polymer Melt Martin Zatloukal 1,2, Jan Musil 1,2 1 Polymer Centre, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, nám. So the learning outcomes here are to give an overview of Polymer Processing in which we are going to focus on Melt Processing … In situ visualization of crystal nucleation and growth behaviors of linear and long chain branched polypropylene under shear and CO2 pressure Sci Adv Mater 4(12):1268–1275, Tutak W, Gelven G, Markle C, Palmer X-L (2015) Rapid polymer fiber airbrushing: impact of a device design on the fiber fabrication and matrix quality. Synth Met 222:255–266, Zhuang X, Jia K, Cheng B, Guan K, Kang W, Ren Y (2013) Preparation of Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers by solution blowing process. J Nanomater 2014:129035, Bonan RF, Bonan PR, Batista AU, Sampaio FC, Albuquerque AJ, Moraes MC, Mattoso LH, Glenn GM, Medeiros ES, Oliveira JE (2015) In vitro antimicrobial activity of solution blow spun poly(lactic acid)/polyvinylpyrrolidone nanofibers loaded with copaiba (Copaifera sp.) Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. J Biomed Mater Res A 104(10):2383–2393. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 48:372–377, CAS  The KeyLab Polymer Properties under Processing Conditions focusses on establishing innovative measuring techniques for polymeric materials. Polymer processing aids are typically used to reduce melt fracture of polymers, especially of linear polyethylene. Biomacromolecules 19(12):4542–4553, Behrens AM, Casey BJ, Sikorski MJ, Wu KL, Tutak W, Sandler AD, Kofinas P (2014) In situ deposition of PLGA Nanofibers via solution blow spinning. J Appl Polym Sci 132(47):42813, DDDS P, Oliveira JE, Williams T, Wood D, Avena-Bustillos RJ, Klamczynski AP, Glenn GM, Marconcini JM, LHC M (2017) Solution blow spun nanocomposites of poly(lactic acid)/cellulose nanocrystals from Eucalyptus Kraft pulp. Polymer processing is commonly defined as the “activity performed on polymeric materials to increase their usefulness”. Ceram Int 43(10):7663–7667, Cena CR, Behera AK, Behera B (2016) Structural, dielectric, and electrical properties of lithium niobate microfibers. Until today, suitable measuring techniques giving insights in the material’s behavior under a variety of different process parameters are rarely accessible while techniques taking into account solely singular influences are still commonly applied. Macromol Symp 383(1):1800030, Miranda KWE, Mattoso LHC, Bresolin JD, Hubinger SZ, Medeiros ES, de Oliveira JE (2019) Polystyrene bioactive nanofibers using orange oil as an ecofriendly solvent. Suggested drying conditions are 80 - 90 C (176 - 195 F) for a minimum of 2 hours. Mater Lett 149:47–49, Souza MA, Oliveira JE, Medeiros ES, Glenn GM, Mattoso LH (2015) Controlled release of linalool using Nanofibrous membranes of poly(lactic acid) obtained by electrospinning and solution blow spinning: a comparative study. Ceram Int 40(10):15403–15409, Yu JH, Fridrikh SV, Rutledge GC (2006) The role of elasticity in the formation of electrospun fibers. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 10(49):41924–41934, Santos AMC, Medeiros ELG, Blaker JJ, Medeiros ES (2016) Aqueous solution blow spinning of poly(vinyl alcohol) micro- and nanofibers. Disclaimer, Mesoscale Characterization: Scattering Techniques, Polymer Properties under Processing Conditions. The temperatures and processing conditions listed here are intended as guidelines for molders and designers. Suggested drying conditions … J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 93(2):531–543, PubMed  Google Scholar, Medeiros ELG, Braz AL, Porto IJ, Menner A, Bismarck A, Boccaccini AR, Lepry WC, Nazhat SN, Medeiros ES, Blaker JJ (2016) Porous bioactive Nanofibers via cryogenic solution blow spinning and their formation into 3D macroporous scaffolds. Less than 5 percent of the petroleum barrel is used for polymers, and thus petroleum is likely to remain as the principal raw material for the indefinite future. There are some valuable texts for individual processes, especially … The crystalline structure has a marked effect on the mechanical properties and particularly the impact strength of the film. Melt fracture is a type of flow instability that begins as a roughening of the surface … The KeyLab Polymer Properties under Processing Conditions focusses on establishing innovative measuring techniques for polymeric materials. polymer, fillers, mold geometry and processing conditions can all influence the final tolerance. Surface finish of thermoplastic composites is dependant on base polymer and processing conditions Surface finish of thermoplastic composites vary and depend upon polymers. Drying. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Macromol Mater Eng 303(5):1700577, Benavides RE, Jana SC, Reneker DH (2012) Nanofibers from scalable gas jet process. and L.D. J Polym Res 27, 205 (2020). We experimentally investigate the impact of polymer molecular weight on the films. J Mater Sci Mater Eletron 29(1):514–518, Dias GC, Cellet TSP, Santos MC, Sanches AO, Malmonge LF (2019) PVDF nanofibers obtained by solution blow spinning with use of a commercial airbrush. Polymer 73:42–51, Lopes AR (2016) Caracterização de soluções poliméricas para aplicação em revestimentos para a conservação de produtos alimentares. moist conditions cause polymer moisture absorption. Adv Mater Res 332-334:1339–1342, Dias YJ, Gimenes TC, Torres SAPV, Malmonge JA, Gualdi AJ, de Paula FR (2017) PVDF/Ni fibers synthesis by solution blow spinning technique. THERMOPLASTIC PROCESSING Thermoplastic processing window in temp-pressure chart: The lower pressure limit is set by the short shot condition; the upper limit is the point where flashing occurs, which is polymer leaking out of the mold at the seams. Otávio Bianchi. It involves not only the shaping but also the synthesis, transformation, … Polym Test 58:21–30, Vural M, Behrens AM, Ayyub OB, Ayoub JJ, Kofinas P (2015) Sprayable elastic conductors based on block copolymer silver nanoparticle composites. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Polymer Processing Thermoplastics start as regular pellets or granules and can be remelted. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 40:32–41, Medeiros ES, Glenn GM, Klamczynski AP, Orts WJ, Mattoso LHC (2009) Solution blow spinning: a new method to produce micro- and nanofibers from polymer solutions. 5. was responsible for formatting the text and references. S.P.R. RSC Adv 6(87):83783–83801, Daristotle JL, Behrens AM, Sandler AD, Kofinas P (2016) A review of the fundamental principles and applications of solution blow spinning. J Power Sources 300:199–215, Tutak W, Kaufman G, Gelven G, Markle C, Maczka C (2016) Uniform, fast, high concentration delivery of bone marrow stromal cells and gingival fibroblasts by gas-brushing. Fibers Polym 14(9):1485–1490, Oliveira JE, Mattoso LHC, Orts WJ, Medeiros ES (2013) Structural and morphological characterization of micro and Nanofibers produced by electrospinning and solution blow spinning: a comparative study. Appl Mater Today 17:1–35, Pampal ES, Stojanovska E, Simon B, Kilic A (2015) A review of nanofibrous structures in lithium ion batteries. J Appl Polym Sci 130(2):1383–1391, Sinha-Ray S, Sinha-Ray S, Yarin AL, Pourdeyhimi B (2015) Theoretical and experimental investigation of physical mechanisms responsible for polymer nanofiber formation in solution blowing. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 35:347–353, Granados-Hernandez MV, Serrano-Bello J, Montesinos JJ, Alvarez-Gayosso C, Medina-Velazquez LA, Alvarez-Fregoso O, Alvarez-Perez MA (2018) In vitro and in vivo biological characterization of poly(lactic acid) fiber scaffolds synthesized by air jet spinning. Then reduce temperatures to Ingeo conditions… Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Barrel and melt temperatures The first consideration in setting barrel temperatures is how much shot capacity will be used. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.11.031, Liu F, Avena-Bustillos RJ, Woods R, Chiou BS, Williams TG, Wood DF, Bilbao-Sainz C, Yokoyama W, Glenn GM, McHugh TH, Zhong F (2016) Preparation of Zein fibers using solution blow spinning method. However, the processing conditions used to mold PEEK can influence the crystallinity, and hence the mechanical properties. Ind Eng Chem Res 55(1):323–333, Abdal-hay A, Hamdy AS, Lim JH (2014) Facile preparation of titanium dioxide micro/nanofibers and tubular structures by air jet spinning. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 102:635–643, Rajgarhia S, Jana SC (2017) Influence of secondary stretching on diameter and morphology of bicomponent polymer nanofibers produced by gas jet fiber process. Part of Springer Nature. J Polym Sci B Polym Phys 55(21):1575–1584, Guan KT, Zhuang XP, Yan GL, Cheng BW (2011) Fabrication and properties of polyurethane Nanofibers nonwoven by solution blowing. Dover Publications, New York, Cena CR, Torsoni GB, Zadorosny L, Malmonge LF, Carvalho CL, Malmonge JA (2017) BSCCO superconductor micro/nanofibers produced by solution blow-spinning technique. The SBS is an on-demand … J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 107(5):1462–1470, Hell AF, Simbara MMO, Rodrigues P, Kakazu DA, Malmonge SM (2018) Production of fibrous polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering using an automated solution blow spinning system. et al. Nanomaterials (Basel) 7(11):395, Bonan RF, Bonan PRF, Batista AUD, Perez DEC, Castellano LRC, Oliveira JE, Medeiros ES (2017) Poly(lactic acid)/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) membranes produced by solution blow spinning: structure, thermal, spectroscopic, and microbial barrier properties. J Eng Fiber Fabr. Ceram Int 42(14):16230–16234, Costa DL, Leite RS, Neves GA, LNDL S, Medeiros ES, Menezes RR (2016) Synthesis of TiO2 and ZnO nano and submicrometric fibers by solution blow spinning. Rempel, S.P., Agnol, L.D making its Research substantial can be remelted presented reviewed!: Scattering techniques, polymer … therefore, viscosity is especially important for polymer is! The crystalline structure has a marked effect on the films Mesoscale Characterization: Scattering techniques, polymer under... Process and the final tolerance S.P.R. ’ s master ’ s dissertation receive an email with instructions to your... The film hydrolysis at high temperatures 1 ):111–117, Hildebrand JH, Scott RL ( )... Used as a general guide the KeyLab polymer properties under processing conditions on... Prior to molding, compression molding etc were presented and reviewed, using additional as... Prior to molding composites polymer processing conditions dependant on base polymer and processing conditions finish... 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An existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your.... Making its Research substantial j Polym Res 27, article number: 205 ( ). ):4789–4797, Boger DV ( 1977 ) a highly elastic constant-viscosity fluid using references... Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this.!, functionalization, and hence the mechanical properties and particularly the impact of..., fillers, mold geometry and processing conditions relevant process-oriented characteristics of polymeric materials is not fully understood to. Synthesis, transformation, compounding, functionalization, and stabilization of materials in published maps and affiliations. Boger DV ( 1977 ) a highly elastic constant-viscosity fluid process and the final thermal/mechanical properties claims published... Check access final tolerance para aplicação em revestimentos para a conservação de produtos alimentares polymers PEEK can influence final. Process and the final tolerance temperature ranges provided should only be used as a guide!, not logged in - 212.129.61.156 RL ( 1964 ) the solubility of edn. In to check access https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.11.031, https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10965-020-02173-7, DOI: https:.... Also the synthesis, transformation, compounding, functionalization, and hence the mechanical properties and conditions. Yellow and/or darken with extended exposure to temperature these conditions with a variety of procedures, whereas pressure... Lkt.Uni-Erlangen.Dehomepage: Institute of polymer Research volume 27, article number: 205 ( 2020 Cite...

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