It shouldn’t be a mystery they are trying to solve. Additionally, ongoing professional development is critical. Page 12: Classroom Implementation. Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: Expectations and attitudes about students, getting… After all of that, each differentiated classroom will look different based upon the students in it. Like anything else, using differentiated instructional activities becomes easier the more you do it but at the beginning it is tough. Student goal-setting, timely and positive feedback and ongoing assessment let us all know where they are in the learning journey. And it’s smart, I think, to think in terms of teaching, actually—but certainly differentiation—more as a marathon than as a sprint. This means the teacher: ... We had the note sent home that our teachers are going to start with differentiated instruction strategies to cater to the children. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? This is also a huge area of confusion for students. . How Do Teachers Put It All Together? Page 12: Classroom Implementation; Resources. Differentiation may seem like hard work. what does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Note: Instruction guided by preassessment (end of chapter test), Note: Instruction guided by preassessment (teacher-created). differentiation, let’s first take a closer look at what differentiation looks like in the classroom: A wide variety of assessments is used to determine students' learning styles, strengths, weaknesses, likes, and dislikes. Other students will work on tiered activities in the learning center. Explain. As far as grouping goes, students can be grouped by ability level, interests, or intermingled levels of understanding. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. She has received training from Phi Beta Kappa International on Curriculum and Assessment and is the Social Studies Specialist for Dr. Erickson’s Concept-Based Curriculum and Instruction Certification Institutes. Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. But each needs to be taught and focused on separately. Provide support for struggling readers (e.g., students with learning disabilities, English language learners). It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. “Differentiated instruction is a proactively planned, interdependent system marked by a positive community of learners, focused high-quality curriculum, ongoing assessment, flexible instructional arrangements, [and] respectful tasks.” learning experiences to learners. On the other hand, I think it’s perfectly defensible for a teacher to say that I’m going to start where I feel the most comfortable, and I’m not trying to learn the content at the same time I’m trying to learn new ways of thinking about it, so I’m just going to start where I think I can succeed the most. Assistant Principal Intern,Former Third-Grade Teacher Some learn best by reading and writing. It is not as difficult as it seems and putting in place differentiated instruction strategies will meet each of your students on his or her level and you will be so excited to watch them excel. Inclusive education and differentiated instruction are two methods of teaching that attempt to reach all students, regardless of disability or skill level. All rights reserved. A differentiated curriculum is a modified way of teaching students based on their strengths and weaknesses. We have to show students what quality work looks like. Though there are many ideas for differentiated instruction out there, it seems overwhelming to attempt to do this for every single one of your students, and often, the question “ what is differentiation ” still lingers. And, at the literacy centers, I would find different tiered activities for the children to work on. The first thing that came to mind was reading. Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Differentiated instruction is a popular way for educators to reach every student at their own level. With differentiation in the classroom, instructors can manage what students learn, how students learn, and how students are assessed. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. Page 13: References & Additional Resources; Page 14: Credits; Wrap Up. differentiated instruction in the classroom Differentiated instruction: Planning for all Differentiated instruction is an organizing structure or framework in teaching and learning which calls for a major restructuring in the classroom and curriculum, if done well, its benefits far out way the costs. Mr. Shelton is relieved to discover that he can begin by making small, manageable changes the first year and can gradually differentiate more instructional items over the coming years. Michelle Giddens, MEd While you cannot always change the content of what you are to teach, you do have control over the process you use to teach the content. And then, once I had done it a few times, I noticed that doesn’t make sense. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. A look at differentiated instruction ... What does differentiation look like for students with an IEP? You find teachers just all over the place and what seems like the right starting place for one may not be for another. Discuss how Mr. Shelton’s instruction has changed over the four-year period. I think it’s important to understand that anything that’s worthwhile is not something that’s accomplished overnight. It describes the characteristics of a differentiated classroom, how differentiation might look for advanced learners, why differentiated instruction is needed for advanced learners, and how parents can support differentiation. The first is from the year that Mr. Shelton began differentiating instruction. The learning environment is sometimes included as one of the classroom elements associated with differentiated instruction. This knowledge is then used to develop customized curriculum plans that are tailored to both the knowledge students need and how they best acquire that knowledge. When I first implemented that in my classroom, I had my students’ names for the center groups on a piece of construction paper, and I had about five students per piece of paper, so per center, and I laminated it. Differentiated instruction isn’t always about grouping students based on ability — or, in the music classroom, based on the instrument. Differentiation means personalizing content, process, and product so students can learn the material that's appropriate for their academic readiness level, in a way that works best for them. Fax: 805-499-5323 Again, often they only need it taught one time and they Here is an attempt to distill … For Your Information. Differentiated instruction in the classroom can be done several ways. If a student visits a listening center and they’re an auditory learner, they’re going to work at that real high level in that center. Differentiate professional development for teachers too. Implement only one differentiated activity in a larger lesson or unit. 2455 Teller Road | Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 Education expert Dr. Carol Ann Tomlinson provides the following definition:\"Differentiation * For refund and privacy policy information visit our Help & Support page. It comes in many shapes and forms, but overall, the structure of differentiated curriculum should keep students interested and meet their needs, even if they differ from their peers. It takes a lot of work preparing the lessons, the students, and the parents for a differentiated classroom. Use a simple means of gathering information about students (e.g., end-of-chapter test as a pretest, exit cards, commercially available interest surveys). To keep the workload manageable, when they begin to differentiate instruction, teachers might want to start with a few low-prep activities that can be used throughout the first year and add only one high-prep activity for each unit of study or per semester. By nature, some of these activities can be created quickly, while others take a lot of time and energy to develop. If students need to tune out noise, they can choose to wear earbuds or headphones during independent work. Differentiated Instruction Lesson Planner TKES DI Teacher Self-Assessment Checklist (p. 32) Gilda Lyons’ DI Sessions (December 10th/15th) Other Resources Differentiated Instruction in Science Teaching by Tiering in Science Differentiated Science Inquiry ($) Leveled Texts for Science ($) Start with the class of students that is the easiest to work with. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Education expert Dr. Carol Ann Tomlinson provides the following definition:\"Differentiation Carol Ann Tomlinson, EdD Read more about this idea here. And not so good work. Incorporating Differentiated Instruction in your classroom does not mean you have to lower the level of rigor for your struggling students. We can layer on skills, knowledge, understanding, habits of mind, etc. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Are Your Lessons Starting Strong? Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. Copyright 2020 Vanderbilt University. Work with struggling learners. The teacher also needs to create a structured environment so that students feel secure while working in groups, pairs, or independently without direct supervision by the teacher. Privacy Policy Though there are many ideas for differentiated instruction out there, it seems overwhelming to attempt to do this for every single one of your students. This includes spaces for quiet individual work, small and large group work, and group instruction. The contents of this Website do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Don’t just differentiate classroom instruction. Make available graphic organizers that students can use to take notes. So I think, when you have that support and that collaboration with your colleagues, it sets us up for a more successful outcome with differentiating instruction. Mr. Shelton also learns that making the shift from a traditional classroom to a differentiated classroom is a long-term process, usually four to five years. Why are we doing this activity and how does it relate DIRECTLY to helping me reach the goal? Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: First, without teachers breaking down our assumptions about “smart students” or “my best student” or “my weakest student” and without students feeling like their teacher is invested in their success as an individual, differentiation is likely to have little impact. She is an independent consultant helping schools and education organizations transform to meet the demands of the 21st Century through leadership coaching, teacher training, curriculum design and assessment writing. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. If several students tend to learn rhythms the same way, group them together. What exactly does the teacher want me to be doing or thinking about in this moment? For more practical strategies see: Tools for Teaching Conceptual Understanding, Elementary and Tools for Teaching Conceptual Understanding, Secondary. Also asked, what does differentiation look like in a classroom? Charlottesville, VA, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/di_media/audio/di_audio_page_12_tomlinson.mp3. A Case Study with Examples; hat Is the Relationship Between Differentiation of Instruction and Other Educational Beliefs and Practices? After talking to several teachers who have been successfully differentiating instruction, Mr. Shelton learns that there is no one correct method of differentiating instruction. What does a differentiated classroom look like? 1  In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. My passion is to help teachers be joyful, highly-effective teachers by sharing engaging, practical, low-prep ideas that are grounded in best practices that will make students WANT to come to school. Review problems or steps that students are having difficulty with. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. The views and opinions expressed on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Corwin. Samples. How to Build a Schoolwide Culture of Disciplinary Literacy, “No Secrets” Teaching That Supports Student Agency, 3 Ways to Re-imagine Small-Group Reading Experiences, How to Overcome Common Anxieties About Differentiation, Simultaneous Learning: Blending Physical and Remote Learning. If several students tend to learn rhythms the same way, group them together. Differentiated instruction benefits students with disabilities because it creates and promotes an environment in which learning differences are not just tolerated, they are expected and valued. Select one element (i.e., content, process, product, learning environment) to differentiate. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. How Do Teachers Manage a Differentiated Classroom? As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. For the Year 4 lesson plan, list the ways in which he differentiates instruction. Pre-assessments tell us what they already know, understand or misunderstand about a topic. So my advice would be just to start small, and I would also say collaborate with others and try and get support that way, because it is a challenge when you’re trying to get materials ready and map out what it might look like in your classroom. what does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Others prefer to watch a video, listen to a recording, or dig into hands-on activities. What is differentiated instruction? Differentiated instruction starts with groups of children.

Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. have it. Differentiating content yDifferentiation of content refers to a change in the materilial bibeing ldlearned by a studdent. Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. This post was originally published on Education to Save the World. Teachers can work together to create ideas for differentiating instruction and less-experienced teachers can seek advice. Differentiated instruction takes multiple approaches. We build long-term relationships with our authors, educators, clients, and associations who partner with us to develop and continuously improve the best, evidence-based practices that establish and support lifelong learning. What does Differentiated Instruction look like in the classroom? How Flexible Are You . We want to hear from you. You might find that some learn best by … Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. Differentiated instruction in the English classroom : content, process, product, and assessment / Barbara King-Shaver and Alyce Hunter. It looked great, and it was up on the board, and it never changed. UDL promotes flexibility in the learning environment. Personalized learning (which we explore at length in in our earlier blog) is a collaborative approach taken with the student. And so beginning in small ways and making sure that you’re purposeful in doing some small things, not waiting for the cataclysm to happen, but are moving at a measured pace makes many teachers feel much better. Association for the Supervision of Training and Development, Dr. Erickson’s Concept-Based Curriculum and Instruction Certification Institutes, What Is Identity Safe Formative Assessment? Help students to solve problems using graphic organizers. This article discusses how regular classroom teachers can use high level curriculum as a catalyst for identifying and nurturing gifted students. When beginning to differentiate instruction, it is beneficial for teachers to collaborate with others in the school or district who are doing the same. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? So I was differentiating by readiness levels. What Do Specific Examples of Differentiated Instruction Look Like in the English Classroom? What that means is that the teacher leads his students in developing the sorts of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that would characterize a really good neighborhood." Again, often they only need it taught one time and they Here is an attempt to distill … That’s why in a UDL classroom, there are flexible work spaces for students. She was also the Director of Public Policy and Curriculum Innovation, leading the revision of curriculum in all subject areas grades 6 – 12 at the Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools in Washington, DC. The following year, the teacher can refine those activities and add one or two additional low-prep and high-prep activities. I think some teachers might do well in middle or high school to begin differentiating with the class that’s the easiest for them to teach—in other words, the class where they feel the students are most likely to roll with them and work with them effectively. Teachers can create a number of activities that vary the way in which students learn content and skills or demonstrate their knowledge. In the education world, differentiated instruction is talked a lot about as a policy or as a solution, but rarely do educators get opportunities to roll up their sleeves and talk about what it looks like in practice. Introduce and demonstrate the FOIL method. In any general education classroom, there are students with various learning styles. All are intended to help form images of what a differentiated classroom looks like and feels like. (Tomlinson 2001) "DIFFERENTIATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT INCLUDES: That is because it is. With its flexibility, differentiated instruction allows teachers to maximize individual growth in the course content. The University of Virginia Part III, author: Paola Sztajn, Daniel Heck, and Kristen Malzahn, Three Warning Signs of Teacher Fatigue and What You Can Do About It, 7 Components of Inclusive & Equitable Learning Communities, author: Dr. Jennifer Spencer-liams and Josh Flosi. Modules, case studies, activities, & more, Sample syllabi, curriculum matrices, & more, Sample PD activities, planning forms, & more, Resources & tools for independent learners, Feedback and testimonials from IRIS users, Professor of Educational Leadership, Foundations, and Policy, Assistant Principal Intern,Former Third-Grade Teacher. Discuss how Mr. Shelton’s instruction has changed over the four-year period. However, this does not mean that the teacher should stop developing new activities. By using the IRIS Website, you consent to our use of cookies. A teacher in a DI classroom knows his or her students. What does a Differentiated Classroom Look Like? Then I moved my kid’s names to popsicle sticks, and that allowed me to move my kids wherever I needed them so they could get what they needed. Differentiated instruction and individualized learning are things that are done to or for the student: they are actions taken by the teacher on the student’s behalf. Michelle Giddens discusses how she began differentiating instruction and offers advice to other teachers who want to begin this process (time: 2:13). Use a simple means of gathering information about students (e.g., end-of-chapter test as a pretest, exit cards, commercially available interest surveys). And when we assess, we have to be careful not to crowd an assessment item with a lot of noise that is not measuring precisely what we want to measure. Differentiated instruction is having flexibility to adjust to lesson plans to engage … Page 1: Defining Differentiated Instruction, Page 4: Differentiate Instructional Elements, Page 8: Evaluate and Grade Student Performance, Page 9: Communicate with Students and Parents, Page 11: Employ Effective Behavior Management, Page 13: References & Additional Resources, Implement low-prep activities, as opposed to high-prep activities, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. The opportunity to dig dipper into wat of making learning interesting. Differentiated Instruction Lesson Planner TKES DI Teacher Self-Assessment Checklist (p. 32) Gilda Lyons’ DI Sessions (December 10th/15th) Other Resources Differentiated Instruction in Science Teaching by Tiering in Science Differentiated Science Inquiry ($) Leveled Texts for Science ($) That’s where collecting data becomes key. Finally, once the first three pre-requisites are in place, we can begin to differentiate instruction based on what students need at that moment. Project Officer, Sarah Allen. .Flexible groupings are probably one of the easiest ways to begin intiating differentiated instructional strategies in a classroom. A differentiated classroom should support, and is supported by, an evolving community of learners. Assessment 1. Professor of Educational Leadership, Foundations, and Policy Phone: 805-499-9734 So my advice would be just to start small, and I would also say collaborate with others and try and get support that way, because it is a challenge when you’re trying to get materials ready and map out what it might look like in your classroom. Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: Expectations and attitudes about students, getting to know students Although Mr. Shelton ha I then prepared some literacy centers for the students to work in while I was pulling those small groups. I knew I had to start small, because it involved so many details and so many elements, and I wanted to focus on just one subject area. Topic: Multiplying polynomials Objectives: Find the product of two monomials and two binomials. Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. In the classroom, differentiated instruction occurs when teachers use varied learning modalities to achieve the same learning objective. Second, everything I read plus the hours and hours I spend in classrooms doing instructional observation seem to point to a most important lever for teaching: clarity. An old-school classroom might provide the children with worksheets and multiple choice answers after a whole group lesson on the overhead with the teacher presenting the information. Introduce and demonstrate the FOIL (first, outer, inner, last) method using explicit instruction. A differentiated approach supports an inclusive education system in which all students have the best possible learning opportunities. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. Begin working with students in small groups. Monitor students as they work. When I had started, I didn’t allow for that flexibility. I really am interested to see how this will work within the school system. In differentiated instruction, teachers understand the different needs of students, such as by evaluating rate of learning, language proficiency, literacy and more. The definition begins with this: Equal education is not all students getting the same, but all students getting what they need. Do you think he has or has not made a lot of progress toward differentiating instruction? For the Year 4 lesson plan, list the ways in which he differentiates instruction. Also, even if the task is complex, the instructions need to be crystal clear. She is a James Madison Constitutional Scholar and taught Social Studies for many years. Pass out exit cards to get an idea of who understands the topic and what needs to be reviewed the following lesson. The sense that they could master some things this semester and then add a few more things next semester and a few more things the semester after that, I think is reassuring, as opposed to teachers feeling that suddenly they’re suppose to change everything in their world instantly. Lessons should encompass enough instruction and interaction to effectively teach the material by providing different avenues and experiences to allow all students to learn show their comprehension and knowledge of the subject. Finally, once the first three pre-requisites are in place, we can begin to differentiate instruction based on what students need at that moment. What is the goal? The second is from his fourth year of differentiating instruction. “We cram everything into grading, and so it means nothing. Teachers can differentiate within the same lesson or assignment, or create multiple lessons for the same course content. A differentiated classroom does not happen overnight. Differentiated instruction for Diana, and for other struggling students, may mean providing a handout with sentence starters or a graphic organizer to help them with constructing meaning. Hallmarks of Differentiated Classrooms In differentiated classrooms, teachers begin with two critical "givens": there are content requirements—often in the form of "standards"—that will serve as destination points for their students, and there are students who will inevitably vary as learners. In differentiated classrooms, we should see teachers who are warm yet firm in their expectations, circulating among students who are all deeply invested in a clear and purposeful task that they know will help advance them in the learning journey. Corwin has one mission: to enhance education through intentional professional learning. Some of the following samples from classrooms in which teachers differentiate instruction are lifted directly from my own observations. The question is, what does it look like, how do you organize it and how does it work. [email protected], Submissions Option to work in pairs, small groups, or alone. At the end of four or five years, the teacher should have created a very differentiated classroom. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. That’s where collecting data becomes key. Given all of the instructional strategies and practices that teachers can employ, differentiated instruction can also take on many forms. That’s where collecting data becomes key. Differentiation is the way a teacher prepares instruction to meet the needs of all the children in an inclusive classroom, from the most challenged to the most gifted.Differentiating instruction is not only going to help your special education students fully participate, it will also enrich and improve the experience of the general education students. And I’m afraid that sometimes teachers feel that we only have two choices: Do everything right tomorrow, or just forget it. Choice of learning activity as well as choice in the assessment (how the student will demonstrate understanding). Ongoing assessments guide instruction. What that means is that the teacher leads his students in developing the sorts of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that would characterize a really good neighborhood." Sometimes it works better for people to start where they see the greatest need. Sarasota, FL, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/di_media/audio/di_audio_page_12_giddens.mp3. Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. Terms of Use. This should vary regularly from individual work time, heterogeneous groups of students teaching or providing feedback to each other, homogenous groups of students working on different tasks with teacher conferencing or re-teaching certain students. have it. There’s no question that differentiation in the classroom has a tremendous impact on student growth and achievement.Tailoring instruction to each student’s needs is a no-brainer, but how often do we differentiate for teachers? The IRIS Center Peabody College Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN 37203 iris@vanderbilt.edu. I think it’s also helpful for some people who are looking for a particular starting point to begin with formative assessments, giving kids preassessments before units begin and examining what you see, giving students formative ongoing assessments as teaching and learning progress and seeing what materializes.

Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. A differentiated classroom should support, and is supported by, an evolving community of learners.