He was as cheerful and as full of courage as when he set out for Athens with his father’s sword hanging at his side. There never was another labyrinth half so complicated as this one, which was made by the famous Daedalus. An Ancient Greek Myth As the story goes ... Once upon a time, a long time ago, there lived a king named Minos. If he does make it out alive is he going to go home, or stay with the princess? There is an idiom related to this story: “Take the bull by the horns.” Use a dictionary to find out what it means and describe a situation where you “took the bull by the horns.”. Your task is to correct the spellings and grammar. If you're interested in greek mythology and the story behind the minotaur, then this book is a nice resource. Myths often portrayed brave heroes and vicious monsters. 3. Article: Greek Influence in US World’s Fairs, Unit 1 Writing Task: Putting it All Together, Article: Plato's Allegory and "Fake News", Unit 2: Writing Task: Putting it All Together, Story: The Trojan War Part 1: The Apple of Discord, Story: The Trojan War Part 2: Achilles and Hector, Story: The Trojan War Part 3: The Wooden Horse, Unit 3 Writing Task: Putting It All Together, Article: Businesses and the Icarus Paradox, Unit 4 Writing Task: Putting it All Together, Unit 5 Writing Task: Putting it All Together, Writing Skills: Noun Clauses for Better Sentences, Additional Materials for Instructors and Students. So, when their ship docked at an island on their way home, to collect fresh water, Theseus sent Ariadne off to find bread and fruit. King Minos told the prince that if he could perform this task, he and all his friends might go free and that nothing more should ever be said about the tribute. If it weren’t for Ariadne, do you think Theseus would have been able to get out of the maze? Theseus’ cycle of deeds: centre, Minotaur; around, clockwise from top, Kerkyon, Prokrustes, Skiron, bull, Sinis, sow. 3. Therefore, fair Hermia, question your desires; Know of your youth, examine well your blood, Whether, if you yield not to your father's choice, You can endure the livery of a nun, For aye to be in shady cloister mew'd, To live a barren sister all your life, Chanting faint hymns to the cold fruitless moon. what does he mean when he said he wasn't a hard hearted man? What color sail does King Aegeus give Theseus? She threw him a great ball of string and he tied one end of it to the entrance. I am Theseus, Prince of Athens and I do not fear what is within the walls of your maze.”, “Those are brave words for one so young and so feeble6. “And they do not return because they do not go to Crete as slaves. But the Minotaur will soon have you between its horns. In the context of this myth, what makes a hero? At that time the country between Troezen and Athens was wild and rocky, and behind many of the rocks lurked giants and robbers, ready to jump out and attack lonely travelers; but by sea, the way was much safer. IN COLLECTIONS. The Gods clearly thought the same thing, for they had a further horror in store for him, as a punishment for his ungrateful treatment of the young girl. Guards, open the labyrinth and send him in.”. Not far away lived another robber, Procrustes, who used to pretend to entertain strangers at his hotel of sorts. “But of course, you must come with us,” said Theseus, “it would be cruel to leave you here.”. Theseus and his mother Aethra lived at the bottom of a great mountain, at a place called Troezen. With luminous watercolor paintings and a straightforward text, here is a retelling, in picture-book form, of one of the great classic Greek myths. How does the author characterize Theseus in the story? Children can use this UKS2 Poetry Reading Comprehension Activity to demonstrate their understanding of this wonderful rhyming poem based on the story of Theseus and the Minotaur. Directions: Brainstorm your answers to the following questions in the space provided. When Medea saw that her evil scheme had failed, and that Theseus was recognized by his father, she was frightened. Then they heard a great roar that shook the strong walls of the labyrinth. Poor old King Aegeus, watching from the rock, saw the black sail, and thinking that his son was dead, threw himself into the sea and drowned. “He enjoyed the change to taunt the Athenians and to humiliate them even further.”, C. “‘Those are brave words for one so young and so feeble.’”, D. “Standing behind the king, listening, was his daughter, Ariadne.”. Maybe he's really smart and will find a way. Why would people even come into his palace because they knew they would most likely die anyway? Back and forth, in and out, Theseus went; he could hear the heavy breathing more and more clearly and knew that he was getting closer to the center, where the monster he was seeking lived. The death of the Minotaur finally came from the Greek hero Theseus, son of Aegeus, king of Athens, with the help of Minos’s daughter, Ariadne, who fell in love with Theseus. Even before Theseus descended into the labyrinth to face the Minotaur, he was already a famous hero and a veteran of many battles. Transcribed Image Text Theseus was an Athenian hero who sailed to Crete, defeated the Minotaur, rescued some Athenian captives, and sailed them back to Athens. Now and then, King Minos sent his navy to the tiny village of Athens, across the sea. They would wander through the maze, completely lost, until at last, they came face to face with the Minotaur. King Minos of Crete was a powerful man, feared by the rulers of the lands around him. how did he not know he had this strength? How does King Minos feel about the Minotaur? Theseus walked carefully through the dark, foul-smelling passages of the labyrinth, expecting at any moment to come face-to-face with the creature. “Then I wish you good luck, my son,” cried his father, “I shall keep watch for you every day. Use details about the maze and Theseus’ character to support your ideas. And in despair, he flung himself from the cliff into the raging waters below. What was the point of him jumping off a cliff? Apple II Library: The 4am Collection. “‘Then I wish you good luck, my son,’ cried his father, ‘I … When he landed on the hard cold stone, he felt the animal’s huge hooves come down on his chest.”, C. “As the Minotaur bellowed in his ear and grabbed at him with its hairy arms, Theseus found a strength which he did not know he possessed.”, D. “Theseus felt all over the floor in the pitch darkness and kept thinking he had found it, only to realize that all he had was a long wiry hair from the Minotaur.”, A. Perfect for whole-class KS2 teaching, this Theseus and the Minotaur PowerPoint features a summary of the story and the key themes to help support your teaching KS2 on the Greek Myth. The Minotaur was a monster — half man and half bull — who was kept by King What does “clue” mean, and how does it relate to the story? As the Minotaur bellowed8 in his ear and grabbed at him with its hairy arms, Theseus found a strength which he did not know he possessed. If you are successful, take down these black sails and replace them with white ones. This will be the best way to escape his fury.” Having good reason to fear the cruelty of King Minos, the two princesses accepted this invitation. He smiled at her, turned and began to make his way into the maze, the string playing out behind him as he went. “To think that I am free of my cruel father and that I will soon be married to a great prince.”, “Married?” said Theseus, “Oh, yes, that will be... er... wonderful.”. Wouldn’t Ariadne get into even more trouble if the King found out she went back with Theseus? Thus, it happened that the ship came back to Athens with the ominous black sail flying. A. If they didn't come in then he would start war with them. Do you think the gods should punish him? Now and then, King Minos sent his navy to the tiny village of Athens, across the sea. The hero follows the trail of string out of the Labyrinth, rounds up the other Athenian youths, grabs the Princess Ariadne, and makes a run for his ship. B. Theseus insisted that he understood the dangers but would succeed. When it is time to send the next tribute, I will go as one of them and I vow that it is the last time the Minotaur will be fed with the flesh of any of our people.”. “I will return to you, father,” cried Theseus, as the ship left the. Didn’t Theseus have to put up the white sails not black? “What a pity it is,” said Ariadne, “that these youths will become food for the Minotaur. He was the son of the King, he was brave and he was stubborn. Puny (adjective): small and weak, 6. Every last breath seemed to be knocked out of him and he struggled to stay alive in the darkness. Theseus walked carefully through the dark, foul-smelling passages of the labyrinth, expecting at any moment to come face-to-face with the creature. Cite evidence from the text in your response. In paragraph 15, what does it mean that Ariadne was “fast asleep” on a rock. He grabbed the animal’s huge horns and kept on twisting the great head from side to side. So far this series has seen authors drawing upon the original source of the legend, and weaving their own narrative threads. The son of a man, a woman, and the god Poseidon, he’d journey far across Ancient Greece, fighting numerous monsters including the Periphetes ‘the clubber’, the Crymmyon Sow, and the insane demigod, Procrustes ‘the stretcher’. He was picked up between the Minotaur’s horns and tossed high into the air. 3. As he neared the entrance of the labyrinth, the darkness began to fade and he made out the figure of Ariadne, waiting for his return. What do we, as readers, learn from this myth about power? Before he sails off, Theseus knocks holes in the hulls of the Cretan ships, so that they can't follow him. The creature’s neck snapped, it gurgled its last breath and fell to the floor with an enormous thud. Answer the following questions according to the story. Perfect for whole-class KS2 teaching, this Theseus and the Minotaur PowerPoint features a summary of the story and the key themes to help support your teaching KS2 on the Greek Myth. King Minos was an evil king who lived on an island called Crete. All he had to do was make his way out of... and then he realized the awful truth. How does the ending of the story change your opinion of Theseus’ character? He was surrounded by a merry, dancing crowd of nymphs and satyrs. At last, she felt the string of yarn tighten, and in a moment more out Theseus came, saying that he had killed the Minotaur. Now, this was no ordinary animal; it was a monster, half man and half bull. Theseus insisted that he understood the dangers but would succeed. There, in the northern sky, her crown still shines. Compare your answers with a partner. The young people that it carried were very sad, for they never expected to see the sunny shores of Greece again, at least none of them but Theseus. If you are willing, we should help him to slay the Minotaur.” Phaedra was as eager as Ariadne to help the young prince. 3. This Theseus and the Minotaur passage and question set is great asset for anyone teaching greek mythology. The truth is, this horrible Minotaur was not at all a pleasant pet to keep, for there was always the possibility that he might get out of the labyrinth and do never-ending damage. PART A: What does the word “tyrant” most closely mean as it is used in paragraph 7? On this island, King Minos had a pet called a Minotaur. As the ship docked in Crete, King Minos himself came down to inspect the prisoners from Athens. “He enjoyed the change to taunt the Athenians and to humiliate them even further.” “And why is it that none of them ever return?”, “Because if we did not send them, Minos would wage war on us and it is a war that we would not win,” said King Aegeus. Theseus felt all over the floor in the pitch darkness and kept thinking he had found it, only to realize that all he had was a long wiry hair from the Minotaur. ... "Theseus and the Minotaur" is a 1982 adventure game developed by Bruce Nesmith and distributed by TSR Hobbies. (Paragraph 16). You must be signed in to comment on a document. THESEUS Either to die the death or to abjure For ever the society of men. A harbor is a place on the coast where ships may find shelter, 4. He did not have long to wait. “And they do not return because they do not go to Crete as slaves. I am Theseus, Prince of Athens and I do not fear what is within the walls of your maze.”, “Those are brave words for one so young and so. Feeble (adjective): lacking physical strength, especially due to age or illness, 7. PART B: Which later quote from the story confirms your answer to Part A? As for Athens, Minos demanded that every year King Aegeus of Athens send him seven young men and seven young women. King Minos had everything a king could possibly want. But never mind, you shall have a better crown than any he could have given you. As he entered the labyrinth and the guards walked away, she called softly to him. Ariadne gestured to him to come out. ... download 9 Files download 9 Original. From the moment she set eyes on Theseus, Ariadne fell in love with him. Overview. Who helps Theseus get to the Minotaur and how do they help him? Directly over this dungeon were the rooms of the two daughters of King Minos, Ariadne and Phaedra. Nevertheless, he was so hard-hearted that he would not permit Theseus to go armed to meet the monster; hence there was very little hope of the hero’s success. Raised by his mother and tutor, young Theseus finally learns the truth of his birth: he is the son of King Aegeus, ruler of Athens. Theseus and the Minotaur is a 1982 action game programmed by Bruce Nesmith and distributed by TSR Hobbies. This resource has differentiated sets of questions to cater for most children aged 9-11, which enables the children to use their reading comprehension skills to independently answer questions about the text. When the children of the tribute arrived at Crete, Theseus informed King Minos that he meant to kill the Minotaur. In the struggle, he had let go of the string, his lifeline. The myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. (Paragraph 20), C. “As the Minotaur bellowed in his ear and grabbed at him with its hairy arms, Theseus found a strength which he did not know he possessed.” 2. Theseus felt all over the floor in the pitch darkness and kept thinking he had found it, only to realize that all he had was a long wiry hair from the Minotaur. King Minos had a son named Androgeus. Guards, open the labyrinth and send him in.” Standing behind … maybe he can use the string to do something with the bull. “As the ship docked in Crete, King Minos himself came down to inspect the prisoners from Athens.”, B. Worn out with lethargy and anxiety, all the prisoners but Theseus had fallen asleep. It contains a 2-page myth about Theseus and the Minotaur… Now, you might think that this was a bad way to reward someone who had helped him and had saved him from certain death. Instantly, he struck the cup from the hand of Theseus, and welcomed the young man as a father should welcome his son. Here, the young men, exhausted from hard rowing and greatly in need of rest, pulled the boat up on the shore, where the whole company set up a camp on the rocks for the night. The scandal concerning his family grew, and the queen’s unnatural adultery was evident from the birth of … ‘I will return to you, father,’ cried Theseus, as the ship left the harbour wall, ‘and you will be proud of your son.’” (“Theseus and the Minotaur,” Paragraph 9) B. It creates an atmosphere of fear which remains with Theseus as he travels the labyrinth. In ancient Greece, people told myths to explain the ways of the world. “As the ship docked in Crete, King Minos himself came down to inspect the prisoners from Athens.” We get the word “meander” in English from this river. In fact, only one man in all Athens knew nothing of his coming, and that man was his own father, Aegeus, the king. 1. The death of the Minotaur finally came from the Greek hero Theseus, son of Aegeus, king of Athens, with the help of Minos’s daughter, Ariadne, who fell in love with Theseus. A. Before he sails off, Theseus knocks holes in the hulls of the Cretan ships, so that they can't follow him. Text: "Theseus and the Minotaur" (one per student; one for display) Close Reading Culminating Task: "Theseus and the Minotaur" (one per student; one for display) Homework: Compare and Contrast Themes: "Theseus and the Minotaur" and The Lightning Thief (one per student; from Unit 2 Homework) But this perfectly natural feeling of Medea’s led to a very evil act. He was called the Minotaur. The cruel tribute had been paid twice already, and now the Athenians must pay it for the third time. When Minos reached Cretan soil he paid his dues to Jove, with the sacrifice of a hundred bulls, and hung up his war trophies to adorn the palace. Procrustes, too, was killed by Theseus. Theseus, however, was wide awake. Theseus and the Minotaur. Why? How does the author characterize Theseus in the story? When Bacchus heard Ariadne’s story, he said: “Theseus should certainly have taken you to Athens, and considering all you did to help him, he ought, at the very least, to have made you a queen. When starting out on such a sad voyage, it seemed fitting that the ship which carried the children of the tribute should have black sails. They became prey of the Minotaur in the labyrinth, and Athens escaped further sanctions through their obedience. How do they decide who must be given as a sacrifice? What is the tribute Athenians must pay and why? 1. In this particular myth, a prince from Greece’s capital city of Athens travels by sea to another city, Crete, in order to fight a monster. Cite evidence from this text, your own experience, and other literature, art, or history in your answer. The ancient Greeks also believed in powerful gods who watched over Earth and intervened when they saw fit. A. Answer the following questions. The following paragraphs are taken from the original text, but the computer has messed up some of the spellings and grammar. It is intriguing to again see the involvement of the gods in human affairs and the punishment they would inflict when men were not obedient to them. 15 Story Cards, each with text and a stunning illustration of the 'Minotaur and Theseus' myth, perfect for teaching the classic Greek tale in primary education. He was eventually killed by the Athenian hero Theseus. I am Theseus, Prince of Athens and I do not fear what is within the walls of your maze.” “Those are brave words for one so young and so feeble 6. The Gods clearly thought the same thing, for they had a further horror in store for him, as a punishment for his ungrateful treatment of the young girl. Use details about the maze and Theseus’ character to support your ideas. It establishes King Minos as Theseus’ central challenge in the labyrinth, setting up the king’s battle with Theseus. After this, he persuaded the other gods to take her up into the sky, among themselves. (Paragraph 19), B. Question: Theseus Was An Athenian Hero Who Sailed To Crete, Defeated The Minotaur, Rescued Some Athenian Captives, And Sailed Them Back To Athens. So, when their ship docked at an island on their way home, to collect fresh water, Theseus sent Ariadne off to find bread and fruit. From the moment she set eyes on Theseus, Ariadne fell in love with him. After Theseus was made king, he brought his mother, Aethra, to Athens, and took good care of her for the rest of her life. Your task is to correct the spellings and grammar. Theseus and the Minotaur. does he actually mean that he doesn't fear it or is he saying it just to make him sound brave and tough? He enjoyed the chance to taunt the Athenians and to. “I cannot believe how my life has changed,” said Ariadne, as they sailed across the calm seas towards Athens. Theseus and the Minotauris a 1781-1782 white marble sculpture by Antonio Canova, now in the Victoria and Albert Museumin London, which bought it in 1962. Its white marble walls looked very high and strong in the moonlight. With no thought that it could contain poison, Theseus innocently raised the fatal cup to his lips, intending to drink to the king. 2. Aegeus reminded him that every year, other young men had sworn to slay this terrible beast and they had never been seen again. “I will return to you, father,” cried Theseus, as the ship left the harbor3 wall, “and you will be proud of your son.”, “Then I wish you good luck, my son,” cried his father, “I shall keep watch for you every day. While playing in the Panathenaic Games, Androgeus was killed. It was hard for Ariadne to wait, now, for she did not know whether Theseus might be lying dead inside, or, if he had not been killed by the Minotaur, might have dropped the yarn in the fight, and so be lost in the maze of paths. He had not gone far among the wild rocks near Troezen before he was attacked by robbers and giants, but none of them could defeat Theseus and his father’s sword. They waited until all the king’s household were asleep, then tiptoed softly to the dungeon, and opened the door. Why or why not? Simply click download to access an online, interactive 15-page eBook. Each page features a large, full-colour illustration and up to a paragraph of text. “To think that I am free of my cruel father and that I will soon be married to a great prince.”. Just then Aegeus noticed the sword Theseus carried, and he knew by the carving on its ivory hilt that the so-called traitor was his own son. Theseus succeeded, with help from the gods via Ariadne. “Theseus insisted that he understood the dangers but would succeed. With luminous watercolor paintings and a straightforward text, here is a retelling, in picture-book form, of one of the great classic Greek myths. Theseus, holding the sword in one hand and the string of yarn in the other, entered the labyrinth. Quickly and quietly, they unfurled10 the great black sails of their ship and headed for home. One day, Androgeus went to the city of Athens to play in a game called the Panathenaic Games. What two very forgetful things does Theseus do, and what are the consequences? In ancient Greece, people told myths to explain the ways of the world. Who is it to be?”, “I will go first. Try as he might, his father could not persuade him to change his mind. Now, this was no ordinary animal; it was a monster, half man and half bull. Goad (verb): to provoke or annoy in order to create a reaction. Despair (noun): a feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will get better, 10. to open something, like a flag, so that it is spread out, 11. When he demanded they send tributes1 to honor him, they sent them without question. When he demanded goods or men for his great armies, they felt they had to agree. How would you describe Theseus’ personality? Buy a cheap copy of Theseus and the Minotaur book by Warwick Hutton. He was kept in a maze of tunnels, a twisting labyrinth underneath the king’s palace. The creature would only eat human flesh. This pleased the Athenians and made Theseus very popular. What did Procrustes do to travelers he met? Full-color... Free shipping over $10. (Twospoonfuls/ CC BY SA 4.0 ) How Did Theseus Die? Haste (noun): speed or hurry, often made with urgency. They would wander through the maze, completely lost, until at last, they came face to face with the Minotaur. Now that there was some hope of a happy outcome of the voyage, King Aegeus gave Theseus a white sail, which he told him to raise instead of the black one, if he happens to succeed in killing the Minotaur, and leaves out on the homeward voyage, safe and well. We send these young people to Crete every year king Aegeus of Athens send in.... Not go to Crete as slaves face to face with the original word coming from a clew of in! Home safe to me. ” really smart and will find a way weak, Theseus knocks holes the! 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