A gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. Commodus was Roman emperor from 180 to 192 CE. Seine Grausamkeit ist legendär. And the wise Marcus Aurelius, known as the “Philosopher” and the last of the “Five Good Emperors,” would be succeeded by his son Commodus, whose descent into madness would be immortalized throughout the millennia (including a heavily fictionalized account in the popular 2000 film Gladiator). Commodus, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 180 ce) Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, (born August 31, 161 ce, Lanuvium, Latium [now Lanuvio, Italy]—died December 31, 192), Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. Dreck lässt sich leichter abwaschen als Blut. Through his teen years, Commodus, now a young man with curly blonde hair, joined Aurelius on military campaigns. Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He was the brother of Princess Lucilla, and uncle of Lucius. Dio notes that Commodus was a left-handed gladiator, a fact of which he was very proud. “Your fame is well deserved, Spaniard. They then sent in an athlete to strangle the 31-year old emperor in his bath. Those emperors who followed for the next century would witness a time of both chaos and decline. [turns away from Commodus] Commodus: How dare you show your back to me! When a freak fire torched half of Rome’s downtown area in 191, Commodus did what any emperor was … 38. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. Commodus is the main antagonist in the 2000 film, Gladiator. He is often regarded as one of the Roman Empire's worst emperors since he brought Rome to decadence, leading to the Crisis of Third Century. In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. The first of these inept emperors was Commodus, the son … Gladiator, von Maximus. The executions of the senators had whet his appetite for blood and he devoted himself “to combats of wild beasts and of men.” Not merely content to hunt in private, the emperor began to perform in the Colosseum itself, competing as a gladiator to the delight of the crowds and horror of the senate, as depicted in Gladiator. Father … When Marcus Aurelius tells Commodus his decision, Commodus - who has always felt unloved and ignored by his father - flies into a rage and strangles him. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several year… wurde Sources diverge on the origins of the conspiracy, with some claiming Lucilla was jealous of Commodus’ wife Crispina (incest between Commodus and Lucilla is suggested in Gladiator) while others maintain she saw the first warning signs of her brother’s mental instability. Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. His brutal misrule precipitated civil strife that ended 84 years of stability and prosperity within the empire. With Tenor, maker of GIF Keyboard, add popular Gladiator Commodus animated GIFs to your conversations. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor– a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. Its protagonist, Maximus, is entirely fictitious. In 182 A.D., Commodus’ sister Lucilla organized an attempt on her brother’s life. Soon after he became sole ruler, Lucius changed his name to Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus. Striking story! Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Commodus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192 CE) was the emperor of Rome between 180–192 CE. Commodus also had a passion for gladiatorial combat, which he took so far as to take to the arena himself, dressed as a gladiator. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Father … Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. In Gladiator Lucius Commodus proclaims his desire to hold the Roman citizens to his bosom like a father. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Unfortunately, after Marcus’ death, this didn’t appear to be the case. The following year, Commodus became Aurelius’ co-Emperor, and they reigned together from then until Aurelius’ death in 180. He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. Commodus did nothing to save the head of his government. 1. Kommentieren . He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180.. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his biological father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. In 182 Commodus’s sister Lucilla conspired with a group of senators to assassinate him. Yet another attempt on his life had been foiled, but the conspirators did not lose their nerve. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. Dio notes that Commodus was a left-handed gladiator, a fact of which he was very proud. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. Had Commodus been emperor from AD 177, no-one doubted that true power remained in the hands of his father. Umarmungen Gladiator, von Commodus. Anyone who caught the emperor’s attention risked also inadvertently invoking his wrath. Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus was born August 31, 161 AD in what is now Lanuvio, Italy to Emperor Marcus … There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. But once Marcus Aurelius died in 180 A.D. (of natural causes, not at his son’s own hand, as depicted in Gladiator), Commodus hastily made peace with the tribes so he could return to Rome “to enjoy the pleasure of the capital with the servile and profligate youths whom Marcus had banished, but who soon regained their station and influence about the emperor.”, Despite his unusual personal tastes, Commodus at first behaved more like a typical spoiled, rich youth than a bloody dictator. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. Only a famous death will do. 4 He Didn’t Actually Do Any Of His Duties. "Story of a Gladiator" ist ein Arena-Beat-'em-up, in dem du in die Rolle eines Mannes auf der Suche nach seinem Schicksal schlüpfst - nur um es im Sand des Kolosseums zu finden. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. Titus died when he and Commodus were four years old, and the following year Commodus was officially given the rank of “Caesar”. Commodus was made coruler when he was just 16 years old, and he was emperor before he turned 19. In one final act of madness, Commodus ordered the head of the Colossus of Nero to be replaced with his own and added the inscription “the only left-handed fighter to conquer twelve times (as I recall the number) one thousand men.”. He kept most of the advisers from his father’s regime in place and the first three years of his reign ran as smoothly as that of his father with the added benefit that Rome was no longer fighting any wars. The first, Sextus Tigidius Perennis, Commodus put to death after becoming convinced he was conspiring against him. He even changed parts of his palace into an arena in order to fight beasts there or gladiators. Corrections? An illustration of the murder of Commmodus. “Your fame is well deserved, Spaniard. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. Commodus, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 180 ce) Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, (born August 31, 161 ce, Lanuvium, Latium [now Lanuvio, Italy]—died December 31, 192), Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several years. In Gladiator Begins, Commodus, although ruthless in pursuit of his goals, shows great respect and admiration for the Protagonist. Teilen. “So superlatively mad had the abandoned wretch become” that he renamed Rome Colonia Commodiana (the Colony of Commodus) and changed the names of the months to each reflect one of the many epithets he had bestowed upon himself. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. Marius poses as a gladiator in order to enter a special tournament Commodus is holding. Gina Dimuro is a New York-based writer and translator. And what could be more glorious than to challenge the Emperor himself in the great arena?” – Commodus. This was an actual title one could achieve (Pater Patriae, or Father of the Fatherland) which Commodus was awarded in AD 177. 1. He lived in the shadow of his father, hoping one day to become the Emperor, but all his dreams were crushed after knowing that his own father would choose Maximus instead of him. Not only he is depicted by many historians as dressing and fighting in the arena as a gladiator himself, but he also kept some of them as bodyguards, and spent long periods of time with them. Commodus ruled with chaos and left chaos in his wake. Der Name Maximus Decimus Meridius sollte vorrangig gut klingen und war von der römischen Namensgebung her kompletter Unsinn. The Romans found Commodus' naked gladiatorial combats to be scandalous and disgraceful. Commodus indeed led the troops in the wars on the Danube together with his father from AD 178, until the death of Marcus Aurelius in AD 180. Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. The emperor also had a passion for gladiatorial combat, which he took so far as to take to the arena himself, dressed as a gladiator. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor … Cassius Dio declared that Commodus “was not naturally wicked” but that “his cowardice, made him the slave of his companions.”. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Commodus, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Commodus. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix. He lived in the shadow of his father, hoping one day to become the Emperor, but all his dreams were crushed after knowing that his own father would choose Maximus instead of him. …emperor Marcus Aurelius and his son spent the next 20 years curbing their inroads, and archaeology shows that the wars were highly destructive. He also declared himself to be an incarnation of the god Hercules and forced the senate to recognize his divinity. On December 31, 192, his advisers had him strangled by a champion wrestler, following his announcement the day before that he would assume the consulship, dressed as a gladiator. In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. “A general who became a slave. After this look at Commodus, check out these interesting facts about Ancient Rome. Omissions? Commodus the gladiator Edit. After battling with the Germans, the general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. In Rome, Commodus reopens the gladiatorial games to commemorate his father's death, and Proximo's company of gladiators are hired to participate. The powerful general is unable to save his family, and his loss of will allows him to get captured and put into the Gladiator games until he dies. A bust of Roman Emperor Commodus, styled as if he were a reincarnation of Hercules, which is precisely what he believed himself to be. But Commodus was not satisfied with such private fights. The first attempt used poisoned meat, but Commodus vomited it up. Kneel Before Me. Not only were the senators and knights forced to attend whenever Commodus took to the sand, but they also had to chant: “You are lord and you are first, of all men most fortunate. Commodus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus; 31 August, 161 AD - 31 December, 192 AD), was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192.He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. Then, discover the most fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. The True Story of Commodus the Cruel Gladiator Emperor. Real life Commodus (31 August, 161 AD – 31 December, 192 AD) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. The general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. As the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus was the first Roman emperor to have been "born in the purple," and thus dynastically selected to be his successor. Nowadays Commodus is best remembered as the villain of Ridley Scott’s movie “Gladiator”, a sneering and arrogant portrayal by Joaquin Phoenix. In the later stages of his reign Commodus became ever more obsessed with performing as a gladiator. Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius, was a failure as a Roman emperor. Die korrekte Reihenfolge wäre Decimus Meridius Maximus. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix in the 2000 film Gladiator. His mother was Annia Galeria Faustina, a member of the Roman nobility and the daughter of the emperor Antoninus Pius. Would the ending of "Gladiator" have been such an emotional knockout if Maximus beat Commodus … Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. In 186 he had his chief minister executed in order to appease the army; three years later he allowed the minister’s successor to be killed by a rioting crowd. Whatever its roots, the conspiracy failed and the incident aroused an insane paranoia in Commodus, who began seeing plots and treachery everywhere. In the movie, Commodus is depicted as a gladiator hater, due his feud with Maximus. Commodus’s gladiator hobbies didn’t come cheap. Meanwhile, Commodus was lapsing into insanity. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Commodus himself was the star attraction, and people rushed from all over Italy to witness the spectacle. After … So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. A grateful Senate proclaimed a new emperor—the city prefect, Publius Helvius Pertinax—but the empire quickly slipped into civil war. He succeeded his father as Augustus after he killed him. But despite Commodus being renowned for his fascination for Hercules, and his statues depicting him with the symbols, the club and the lion skin, the movie Gladiator, makes no mention of such displays, even though they could have used it to highlight Commodus’ megalomania. Some gladiators were volunteers who risked their lives and their legal and social standing by appearing in the arena. Scott’s mid-career epic had to overcome a uniquely chaotic production to reach Oscar glory. His fictionalized depiction as a mad emperor in the film Gladiator actually plays down some of his less believable excesses while giving him a nobler death. Commodus didn’t really bother with the duties of being an … Commodus also had a passion for gladiatorial combat, which he took so far as to take to the arena himself, dressed as a gladiator. However, even these favorites were not safe from his fury. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (i… All a man can do is smile back. Maximus: [removes helmet and turns around to face Commodus] My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the TRUE emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Wikimedia CommonsAn illustration of the murder of Commmodus. Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. Commodus (31 August 161 – 31 December 192), born Lucius Aurelius Commodus and died Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, was Roman Emperor from AD 180 to 192. Commodus’s father was Marcus Aurelius, an emperor who presided over what has been regarded as one of ancient Rome’s golden ages. He appears to have won every bout he fought. In 177 Lucius was made coruler and heir to his father, the emperor Marcus Aurelius (reigned 161–180). Commodus as a child. Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Commodus as gladiator. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. He was the tenth of fourteen children and the only son to survive - his twin brother Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius died at the age of four. Silver Spoon in Mouth. So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. The only male son of Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperor. He gave Rome a new name, Colonia Commodiana (Colony of Commodus), and imagined that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow. In fact, the rule of Commodus might have gone down as quite unremarkable in the history of Rome were it not for one unfortunate incident. Under Commodus, Rome had descended “from a kingdom of gold to one of iron and rust.” Much like Nero had supposedly fiddled while Rome burned, Commodus enjoyed himself as the city decayed around him. He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. Commodus was assassinated. Maximus: [removes helmet and turns around to face Commodus] My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the TRUE emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Russell Crowe Had No Idea About His ‘Gladiator’ Death Scene Until Middle of Filming. By 192 A.D., the Roman people had had enough. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix. Slave, you will remove your helmet and tell me your name. The second, the freeman Cleander, he allowed to be torn apart by a mob who were outraged at the freeman’s abuses. August 161 n.Chr. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker. Commodus appears for the final time in Chapter VII, when Marius, now having assumed the mantle of Damocles, swears revenge on Commodus for betraying his legion and sets out to kill him. Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor – a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. Political influence then passed to the emperor’s mistress and two advisers. 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