The people of the higher strata enjoyed great privileges. After 1905, most trade unions and factory committees were declared illegal. By the end of the 20th century, the international reputation of the USSR as a socialist country had declined through it was recognised that socialist ideals still enjoyed respect among its people. Bolshevik Party was renamed as the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik). Question 14. What were the significant changes in the Soviet Union after the death of Lenin ? The people who propagated socialism said that individuals, who owned property, did provide employment to many people but they were concerned with personal gains only. All Russian Congress of Soviets became Parliament of the country. The basic principles, ideas and values had the Russian Revolution for rest of the world : Many factories were set up in the 1890s when Russia’s railway network was extended, foreign investment in industry increased, coal production had doubled, and iron and steel output quadrupled. A military revolutionary committee was appointed by the Soviet under Leon Trotsky to organize the seizure. Very Short Answer Type Questions - .. Russia was defeated by Japan, a tiny Asiatic country, in the Russo-Japanese war that took place in 1904 . NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History : Extra Questions Included – All Q&A NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Textbook India and the Contemporary World I. Answer: The Russian people began to oppose the Tsar. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Discuss the positive aspects of the Bolshevik government on Soviet Union and its people. Download these NCERT solutions for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. Nicholas II (1894 –1917) With the help of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 2, students can do well in the exam. In 1925, Stalin became General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union after the death of Lenin. The uprising began on 24th October 1917. Answer: The demand for individual rights was the cause for the French Revolution. History Chapter 1 The French Revolution; History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution; History Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler; History Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism; History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World The main objectives of the Russian Revolutionaries were : Question 4. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, Question 1. As a result of this a large number of secret revolutionary parties sprang up. Capitalist, Question 5. Government supervised large factories to ensure the ________ . He seized the properties of large landowners and the capitalists, Lands which belonged to the people, were distributed to the poor peasants. Anti-German sentiments became high. b. Louis Banc of France (1813 – 1882) What was the cause for the French Revolution? Answer: Which incident sparked the French Revolution? c. Karl Marx. Question 19. He set up a Communist Government in place of the despotic rule in Russia. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. 3. Answer: (b) Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. The disastrous defeat in the Far East culminated in the outbreak of riots in the cities and district towns. The Church and the Aristocracy dominated the society. He had described the Russian empire as a Prison of Nations and had declared that . The clothes were used to create an identity for people based on their social class. During the 1st world war, the tsar started taking unilateral decisions without consulting the Duma. He drew up a programme by which the serfs became free and owned plots of agricultural land. Trace the down fall of the Czar Rule . The Kerenskii’s government become unpopular in Russia because : Question 2. (c) The banks to be nationalized. The topics like French Revolution, Nazism, Social Revolution and Colonialism are covered in the CBSE Class 9 History textbooks. Cultivators produced for the market as well as for their own needs and Russia was a major exporter of grain. Free Question Bank for 9th Class Social Science. Alexander III , to avenge his father’s murder, let loose the reign of oppression. Chapter 2 – Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. The Bolshevik Party put forward clear policies to end the war, transferred the land to the peasants and advanced the slogan, “All power to the Soviets”. Thus, the new Soviet State came forward as a friend of the subjugated people and proved to be a source of great inspiration to the freedom movements of various Asian and African countries. The Czar revised the election rules in such a way that only the loyal upper class representatives were voted to power. The most important result of the Bolshevik Revolution was the establishment of a Socialist Government in Russia. Class 7 History Chapter 7 Question Answers. Which modern countries comprised Indo-China? Petrograd had led the February Revolution that brought down the ________ . List the names of two workers associations. Most of the Bolshevik leaders believed that a series of revolutions will sweep other countries of the world along with revolution in Russia. Answer: The Liberals, Radicals and Conservatives were totally opposed in their views. Question 6. The non-Russian nationals failed to get an equal status under his government. c. Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) Answer: His failure to feel the pulse of the nation. During the 1905 Revolution, the Russian Czar promised the common man. The Russians suffered a humiliating defeat and signed a number of secret treaties with Japan. no genuine democracy could be established unless all the non-Russian people were given equal rights. Soldiers did not wish to fight such a war. Most industries were the private property of industrialists. Total History and Civics Class 9 ICSE Morning Star Answers Pdf. Lenin united the peasants and workers under the Bolshevik Party and directed the revolution against the Provisional Government. Answer: Effects of the First World War on the industries in Russia were : Question 1. Soldiers committees were formed in the Army. The assembly rejected the Bolshevik measures, and Lenin dismissed the assembly. NCERT Class 9 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers What is Democracy? What were the main changes brought about by the Bolsheviks immediately after the October Revolution? Russia became a one-party state. They demanded reduction in the working hours and the right to vote. All peasants were forced to cultivate in collective farms called ‘Kolhoz’. Answer: People wanted peace, but he tried to continue the war. Get the best NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 History and overcome your fear of facing the challenging History questions. Mention the most significant result of the February Revolution. Russian industries were very few and the country was cut off from other suppliers of industrial goods by German control of the Baltic Sea. The royal guards opened fire and hundreds were killed and this horrible incident sent a wave of shock throughout the country. Class 8 History Chapter 9 Women, Caste, and Reform Short Answer Type Questions. Xam Idea Class 9 History India and The Contemporary World I Chapter 2 Short Answer Questions Solutions is a complete exam preparation textbook for senior secondary classes. Lawyers, doctors, engineers, middle class workers established Union of Unions and demanded a constituent assembly. After the Revolution, the land was given to the tillers. The industrial workers’ strike spread throughout the country and the Czarist government became seriously concerned with the worsening crisis. In Russia, the war was initially popular and people rallied around ________ . Answer: Get the best NCERT Solutions to Class 9 History and perform well in your History exams. Russia before 1914, Question 10. He believed this program would help in improving grain supplies. Russia became a one-party state. The property of the Church was also confiscated. (b) Social Equality Russian Communist Party. Question 1. Why were socialists against private property and saw it as the root of all social ills ? Question 13. In 1904—05, there was war between Russia and Japan. Answer: All debts were remitted. Which event in Russian history is known as Bloody Sunday ? Economic exploitation by capitalists and landlords came to an end. Answer: Robert Owen was an English Manufacturer. How did the Bolshevik Party contribute to the Russian Revolution of October 1917 ? Since they were declared illegal. The Secret Police punished anyone who criticised the Bolsheviks. He also favoured the setting up of the new society based on the principles of socialism of Karl Marx. As per your CBSE Class 9 syllabus, the India and the Contemporary World-1 (History) unit in Social Science covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. The peasants, businessmen and the rest of the society who were called the 3rd estate were dissatisfied. Answer: Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what was the impact of each on Soviet history. Old titles of the aristocracy were banned. The universities of Russia were closed when student bodies staged walkouts, complaining about the lack of civil liberties. Answer: What caused the rise of many revolutionary parties? In retaliation, the Military Revolutionary Committee ordered its supporters to seize government offices and arrest ministers. Answer: Labourers were made to work long hours and were paid poorly. New uniforms were designed for the army and officials. Lenin believed that without this status these people could never become real Russians. The positive aspects of the Bolshevik government on Soviet Union and its people were : Question 10. Chapter 2 – Kinematics Chapter 3 – Dynamics Chapter 4 – Turning Effect of Forces Chapter 5 – Gravitation Chapter 6 – Work & Energy Chapter 7 – Properties of Matter Chapter 8 – Thermal Properties of Matter Chapter 9 – Transfer of Heat 9th class students face issues when it involves finding the physics notes for 9th class. What did Raja Rammohun Roy do to end the practice of sati? Who were socialists ? The welfare of the workers was neglected. He changed the voting laws and packed the third Duma with conservative politicians. If Yes, then you are the right page. They were not in favour of giving women the right to vote and they wanted only men with property to vote. What was the impact of the Russian Revolution on Russia ? This day went on to be named as International Women’s Day. Answer: People of Third Estate demanded a society based on freedom and opportunities to all. On February 25, the government suspended the Duma. The abdication of Tsar Nicholas-II. Download NCERT Books 2020-2021 for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. These solutions are prepared by our subject-matter experts, giving you accurate answers to questions provided in the NCERT textbook of Class 9 History. They did not bother about the welfare of the people. (c) Socialism Answer: But many were unhappy because of the censorship. The Bolshevik government ‘granted freedom to all its colonies immediately after coming to power. The incident known as Bloody Sunday in history of Russia as the massacre had taken place on Sunday. Workers in England and Germany formed associations. (a) He declared that the war to be ended While the workers were on the way to the Winter Palace of Tsar, they were fired at by the army of the Tsar. The propertied individual owners were concerned only about their own profits. Answer: In the cities, The Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements. Question 9. Land committees were formed to handle redistribution of land, which was a popular demand for peasants and their socialist revolutionary leaders in the countryside. By 1916 railway lines began to break down. Why Democracy? Karl Marx propagated ‘Scientific Socialism’. The prime need of the Russian mass was food, not expansion. Your email address will not be published. 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The chapter talks about how the notions of dressing changed over the course of time. Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. The Liberals wanted individual rights for the citizens, religious tolerance, and an elected parliament. Industrial equipment disintegrated more rapidly in Russia than elsewhere in Europe. (d) Defeats were shocking and demoralising. They formed 31% of the factory workforce. Question 5. Question 1. The country was hardly prepared for war of such magnitude against such a formidable enemy like Germany. Answer: By December, Bolsheviks controlled the Moscow-Petrograd area. Question 12. His wife and a number of nobles were killed. Question 2. Three events after the Bloody Sunday which led to the revolution of 1905 in Russia were : Question 8. This lead to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. The Czar was frightened at the halting of the country’s wheels of progress and finally yielded. Take online test of the chapters from NCERT History Textbook (S.St) of Class 9. He tightened press censorship and ordered the arrest of all suspected persons who opposed the rule. Socialists took over the government in Russia through the ________ . He championed the cause of the workers and said that the condition of the workers would improve only if the workers overthrow the capitalists and the rule of private property. Answer: After 1917, the industries were nationalised and the dream of workers was fulfilled. Strike took place all over the country. The French Revolution created new possibilities and dramatically brought changes to equality, fraternity and liberty in Europe. The basic principle of the Marxist theory were : The Czarist government stood exposed for its inadequacy at the war. Many non-Russians from outside the USSR participated in the conference of the people of the east and the Bolshevik-founded Comintern, an international union of Pro-Bolshevik socialist parties. The Bolshevik Revolution helped in the spread of Socialist and Communist ideas all over the world. The chapter-wise multiple choice questions from Class 9 Geography will help you in understanding and checking your knowledge about the chapter. 1905 was the year when the incident of ‘Bloody Sunday’ took place. 1. Question 18. How did the 1905 Revolution in Russia prove to be a dress rehearsal of October 1917 Revolution ? Most industries were the private property of industrialists. He bowed to the demands of the common people and introduced many reforms. 100 workers were killed, and about 300 were wounded. Soon after the royal troops returned from the Far East the Czar began his oppressive rule. He strongly opposed capitalism which meant untold exploitation of the common men. On the other hand, the radicals supported women’s suffragette movements and opposed the privileges of great landowners and wealthy factory owners. Answer: Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a Provisional Government to run the country. The international position of the Soviet Union became much better than the previous time and it became one of the super powers of the world. For the people in the cities, bread and flour became scarce. So, it withdrew from the First World War in 1917 after the Revolution. Answer: He was assassinated in 1881. 5. 2. October Revolution of 1917, Question 7. Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Important Questions Chapter 4 Forest Society and Colonialism Class 9 Important Questions Chapter Really, it was the beginning of the revolution. The first part of the syllabus consists of chapter 1: matters in our surroundings, chapter 2: Is matter around us pure, chapter 3: atoms and molecules, chapter 4: structure of the atoms, chapter 5: the fundamental unit of life, chapter 6: tissues and chapter 7: diversity in living organisms. Who was the ruler of Russia during the October Revolution. Very Short Answer Type Questions. About 85 per cent of Russian empires population earned their living from Agriculture. Question 4. Answer: Only in such a radically socialist society the workers would be freed from the capitalist exploitation. a. Robert Owen The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in ________ . NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. Question 20. He promised to hold elections for the Duma (Russian parliament). He advocated a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). Explain. 1898 by Socialists. These changes were accompanied by violent turmoil which included the trial and execution of the king, vast bloodshed and repression during the Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every other major European power. Question 2. Pro-Government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. He moved to see the tyranny of old practices that were deeply rooted in Indian society. Differentiate between the ideas of the liberals and radicals in Europe. Liberals and revolutionaries were kept out. NCERT has a good image when it comes to publishing the study materials … How was the bad condition of women responsible for Russian Revolution ? Now he felt it was time for soviets to take over power. This meant the government took over the ownership and management. Workers were a divided group. Answer: Nazism and the Rise of Hitler. Answer: Bolsheviks conducted elections to the constituent assembly; however, they failed to attain the majority. Women made up about 31% of the factory labour force by 1914. Their land holdings were very small and they had to pay heavy taxes. A procession of thousands of peaceful workers along with their wives and children went to the palace of Tsar to show their anger and present a petition on Sunday, 9 January, 1905. The workers had no right to form trade unions or seek reforms. Answer: On 9th January, 1905 a mass of peaceful workers with their wives and children was fired at St. Petersburg while on its way to the Winter Palace to present a petition to the Tsar. CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 – French Revolution NCERT Solutions This chapter will first introduce you to the french society of the eighteenth century, in which we will learn about the King Loius XVI and how society was divided into three estates – Workers, Middle Class, and Peasants. The large majority of the population were peasants, and the land was under the control of a few private people. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essential commodities were shut down. The government suspended the Duma on ________ . The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. Answer: Question 6. Answer: ‘Soviets’ like the Petrograd Soviet, were set up everywhere, though no common system of election was followed. Russia’s armies lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. In this chapter, you will read about the rise of Hitler and the politics of … Download these solutions and offline apps are available to use as it without downloading online. The students will also get to know about the following topics: 5. The Social Democrats turned to catch the attention of industrial workers in the Russian cities and their moral mentor was Karl Marx. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers Nazism and the Rise of Hitler. Answer: Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people. Answer: (c) They banned the use of old title of aristocracy. Socialist Revolutionary Party struggled for Peasants rights. Question 9. What made the Czarist government bow to the demands of the common man? Question 3. 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