It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. Also read: Nature of Revolt of 1857 in India, Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. This created a kind of discontentment and distrust among the people against the British rule. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Like the causes, the consequences were political, economic, social and military in nature. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. Though in the beginning it was like sepoy mutiny, but later on it turned out to be a real mass upsurge. This was … Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. But it was not simply a revolt of the sepoys. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. Fresh army men came from Singapore. The revolt of 1857 did not spread to South India and most of Eastern and western India. There was no central organization of the sepoys. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. Many of the innovations were introduced by Lord Dalhousie. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." Religious causes 4. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. So it can be called a national movement. DMPQ- What are the key challenge of Infrastructure development in India ? • Dr S.N. From then onward a Viceroy as a representative of British King ruled India. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. There had been discontent at assignments to Burma, resulting in the 1856 General Services Enlistment Act requiring sepoys to serve wherever posted. Bahadur Shah was arrested. Military Causes of First War of Independence. 12 mins. Consequences of Revolt of 1857 Nationalism TSPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TSPSC Test Series. 13 mins. (1) Political and administrative, (2) Economic, (3) Social and religious, and (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to the colonial rule. This aspect is not as simple as it appears at first sight. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Major Causes of Revolt of 1857 Economic Causes. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Under the leadership of Mangal Pandey the agony of the Sepoys exposed at Barrackpore in Calcutta (March, 1857 A.D.). Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. Marxist writers looked at this event as uprising of peasants against feudal system of exploitation. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. On application of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ or on the ground of mis-governance he annexed states after states deploring their rulers. This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. The standpoint from which it is mostly condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire building or politics. The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. The war has been a topic of academic discourse for historians and social scientists across the world. See instructions, TSPSC Mains General Studies- PAPER-II: HISTORY, CULTURE AND GEOGRAPHY, TSPSC Group I Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TSPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program. DMPQ- What is QUAD ? The unhappiness of the sepoys first surfaced in 1824 when the 47th Regiment at Barrackpur was ordered to go to Burma. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at higher ranks in … Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the Great Revolt of 1857 was of a greater dimension and it assumed almost an all-India character with participation of people from different sections of the society. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. They protested against this and were arrested. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation … He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. High land revenue disabled peasantry class. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Queen’s proclamation: The Queen’s Proclamation showered many promises in 1858 A.D. Government service was promised irrespective of cast, religion and on the basis of merit only. The Sepoys were to cut the cover by teeth before using it. Analysis of Revolt of 1857. The second reason for this mass revolt was the unity among the Hindus and Muslims. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. This discontent of royal families, army men and common people jointly exposed in the Great Revolt of 1857. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history, in Indian History / One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. With the outbreak of mutiny among Sepoys common men joined the revolt. This post describes in detail the impact of Revolt of 1857 and the political, administrative and other changes that took place in the aftermath of the 1857 sepoy mutiny. There was no unified action also. A lot of causes were there which had been causing grievances for quite some time. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history, in Indian History / One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. Pavan Choudhary. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. In this course, Pavan Choudhary will discuss the causes and consequences of the Revolt of 1857 in detail. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Causes for the Failure of Revolt of 1857. As a result of these, in the middle of the revolt the strength of the British force was doubled. DMPQ: Enumerate the characteristics of 1857 revolt. The … The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. The British realized that one of the main causes of the 1857 Revoltwas their active encouragement to social reforms like Abolition of Sati, Widow remarriage etc. • V.D. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. 11 mins. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. M.N. DMPQ- Discuss the impact of Martial law on the status of Fundamental rights. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will be provided in English. In this class, Abhyudaya Kelkar will discussin detail various causes and consequences of the revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence through pictures and maps with an exam-oriented approach. The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge. Further the leaders of this revolt could not get the support of several native states like Holker, Scindia and Rajput sardars and kings. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. There was no central organization of the sepoys. He was accepted as the symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity. 1. Educated middle-class people also were behind the British power. 5. How Election commission can enforce it. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. The Revolt of 1857-1858 that happened in India is known also as the Mutiny of Sepoy in Britain and as the First War of Indian Independence among the Indian population. Development of Education System in India during British Period, When was the French East India Company Formed, How did the British come to Rule in India, For How Many Years did the British Rule India, Great Revolt of 1857 (Causes, Nature, Importance, Outcome). End of Company Rule: The political result of this great revolt was the end of company’s rule in India. But many historians are of opinion that the Great movement of 1857 A.D. cannot be termed as narrow, isolated and reactionary. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. • Dr. R.C. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. The year 1857 saw prepared revolts in parts of central and northern-India, of which the event of tenth May 1857, when the eleventh and twentieth Native Cavalry of the Bengal Army, gathered in Meerut, turned on their pioneers, is a basic one. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. The Sepoys were to cut the cover by teeth before using it. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. Ill framed “doctrine of lapse” of Lord Dalhousie was cancelled. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. *When we talk about other countries lying inIndian sub continent Burma , Ceylon ,Singapore ,Nepal and Bhutan were the major countriesunderBritish. DMPQ: What is 52nd Constitutional amendment act. On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. This video is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 169 times. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. The revolt of 1857 had very narrow social and geographical basis that contributed to its collapse. 2. The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. If we do not consider any historical event on the basis of its success then the revolt of 1857 A.D. was never a tragedy. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. In the important positions of the government no native people (Indian) was given any chance. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. What are the implications of including Australia in MALABAR 2020 under QUAD ? 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