Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. ii. Engineers Career Group, Current Anjali_Gurajapu. The leaders went back to the culture of the court. Recruitment, PPSC The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. 33 Full PDFs related to this paper. They soon began to consolidate their power through annexation and alliances etc. • The … against the British rule were different and were mainly driven by self-interest. Interview, Free IAS Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Following were the causes of this failure. The Indians, in most of the cases, failed to get justice from the British judges against these atrocities perpetrated on their countrymen. Many contemporary writers gave vent to this fear of the people. Dr. Majumdar says that many scholars are prepared to accept every armed struggle of the Indians against the English as a freedom fight. ii. Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly.They conquered Indian territories by fighting wars, by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse, by forcing kingdoms to sign the Subsidiary Alliance system and on the pretext of alleged mismanagement of the states by Indian kings. Instead, Stokes argues that 1) those Indians who suffered the greatest relative deprivation rebelled and that 2) the decisive factor in precipitating a … The war was the culmination of the American Revolution, a colonial struggle against … This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Cow was sacred to Hindus and pig was prohibited for Muslims. Match. lt dissatisfied the educated Indians who expected to pet gainful employment in the service of the Company. Also each of the classes had their own motives for participating in … This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Results, JEE Main Exam It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Even at the central places of the revolt, many people were not in favour of the Mutineers. Rani Laxmibai, Nana Sahib etc. NEET Certainly, certain measures of the Englishmen particularly, the activities of the Christian Missionaries provided grounds for their apprehension. Books, UPSC you a link to reset your password. Pavan Kumar IAS, Qaisar Hafiz - There were social, political, economic, religious, and military causes of this war of independence. – Instrumentation Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE The Indian soldiers felt that the British were deliberately trying to spoil their religion. The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. Annexation of Indian states and the removal of the local rulers led to the dissolution of the court which resulted in the loss of patronage to musicians, dancers, artisans, administrative officials, army men and so on. This was against their religious belief. PLAY. social, economic, administrative, military etc., the political grievances against the British Raj played the most important role in an outbreak of 1857 revolt. What enraged the people was how British land revenue settlements had dispossessed landholders, both big and small, and foreign commerce had driven artisans and weavers to ruin. Download. Admit Card, SSC Notification, IES The British introduced a new system of administration by which they replaced the traditional system. which angered the local ruler, who had to now live in the looming fear of annexation of their state by the British. Learn. Details. Question 3: With reference to the British rule in India, mention two economic factors, which became the causes of the First War of Independence, 1857. They were paid very low salaries. Christian tenets were taught to the prisoners. Religion 5. Prelims Syllabus, UPSC GS Class XI NEET There was also a disunity along the religious lines. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers and tenants were enraged with the British. Causes of the First War of Independence , 1857 There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. Soon after the break out of the revolt, Bahadur Shah, the last Mughal emperor, was made the symbolic head of the Great revolt and Delhi became its centre. Syllabus, UPSC Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Science, Instrumental First war of independence, 1857. Year Exam Papers And Solutions, PSU Recruitment disrepect shown to the mughal emperor. 1. Pattern, IES Officer treatment towards nana saheb. A short summary of this paper. Mains Optional Subjects, UPSC While the war of 1857 was a reaction of different sections of Indian society against policies of the British which included various aspects viz. The revolt of 1857 has a extraordinary place in the history of India. War of Independence 1857 In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. - Recruitment Notification, NPSC to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. If we accept their view then the struggle of Santhaals, the Wahabis and many others against the English should also be accepted as freedom struggles. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Economic Causes 2. War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Thank you for the information. PSC, Jammu british policies of annexation. The regulations framed by the government in its hospitals also created apprehension in the minds of the Indians. Exam Paper, IES Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Coaching, IAS Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Dalhousie cancelled the princely titles of the Nawabs of Tanjore and Carnatic kingdoms. But, later on, the British started recruiting people of lower castes also in it. Recruitment, MPSC Exam The soldiers had also certain grievances against the British. So, in this, the issue of greased cartridges became the spark to the fire. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. De Facto IAS, Pankaj Singh - Key Question 4: What were the causes and consequences of the War of Independence 1857 - 58? It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. This event is known by different names such as, “the Sepoy Mutiny”, “The Indian rebellion” and the “First war of Indian Independence”. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Sind, Rajputana, … Both scholars have agreed on many facts, e.g., the 1857 revolt was not organised, it had no national character, etc. Group 1 Answer Key, TPSC Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. There were more than 75000 soldiers in the British army from “Awadh”. Ultimately India became a vast field for the production of raw materials to feed the British industries and a wide market to absorb the British manufactures. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Economic Causes 2. This war is called war of Independence. Syllabus and Exam Pattern, PPSC The police system of the British was not effective by that time and the people always felt insecure with respect to their property, life and honour. Q2. Materials, IAS Toppers It was supported by liberal Hindus as well. NeoStencil is founded by This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. Military and 6. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri The events during the period of 1857 revolt, in no way prove that the aim of the mutineers was to turn out the foreigners to gain Indepedendce. Prior to 1813, the British Government had not permitted the Missionaries to enter into India. The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. STUDY. Mughals were the symbol of political unity of India. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Pakistan Studies; Causes of Failure of 1857 Indian War of Independence On April 27, 1857, eighty-five soldiers of a Bengal regiment of British East India Company, posted in Meerut, disobeyed the command of their senior British officer, to use the new cartridges for newly introduced Enfield rifles, allegedly encased in cow and pig grease. political causes. We are aware that the action of Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March, 1857 led to the mutiny of sepoys in the beginning which precipitated the revolt of the people. – Computer Science & Information Technology Engg. There are many causes for this war which are: Political. The land revenue policies of the British were detrimental to the farmers. The abolition of the Company’s monopoly of trade with India in 1813 and the acceptance of the policy of free trade by the government of India in 1833 aggravated further the exploitation of India by Britain which had started producing machine made goods particularly the cotton textiles. Affairs, Practice Details, IES Answer Key That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to … The Company’s government passed certain laws which also created distrust among the people. Exam Notification, UPSC A link to reset your password has been sent to. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. First War of Independence 1857. Affairs Quiz, Answer That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the … People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. Pass JEE Main + Advanced Harsh punishment meted out to the disobedient soldiers and that too in front of their colleagues, resulted in the mutiny of several regiments and ultimately became a general … Studies, Electronics The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. Political causes of Revolt of 1857 - shortcut The political causes for the First War of Independence (1857) include: (a) British policy of expansion (b) Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah (c) Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai (d) Absentee sovereignty of the British. Optional Booklist, UPSC JE Exam Pattern and Syllabus, RRB JE Result and Cut • The British did not realize but many issues and dismays of the Indians were building up anger in them including the behavior of British towards them and unbiased policies. The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . (PDF) The Revolt of 1857: The First war of Independence. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Polity Bharat Ka Samvidhan: Ek Parichaya: Ek Parichaya (Hindi), Sansar डेली करंट अफेयर्स, 30 November 2020 - Sansar Lochan, Life of Basava and Shakti Vishishtadvaita Philosophy, Causes of the Downfall of the Mughal Empire, Reforms of Alauddin Khilji : Administrative, Military, Revenue & Economic, Lord Curzon : Reforms and the administrative measures, Lord Ripon (1880-1884) – A well-meaning Governor-General, Itolizumab (rDNA origin) – A Monoclonal Antibody | UPSC, Know about Hagia Sophia Controversy | UPSC, Administration of Lord Lytton (1876-1880). The Indians felt that by providing such education to boys and girls of immature age meant nothing except pollution of their minds. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. CGL Recruitment, Notification, Online Application, In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. - Exam Pattern & Syllabus, HPSC This resulted in unemployment of Indian artisans and craftsmen. 1. “The revolt of 1857 was anything but a war of indepedence.” Discuss. Political Causes 3. Not only was the dethronement of the Nawab distasteful to them but they also felt aggrieved because many among them indirectly lost certain privileges as their relatives were deprived of the patronage of the Nawab. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : In fact, after the rising of the sepoys, the 1857 revolt was pursued simply to fulfil selfish interests of either the individuals or groups. 1. The revolution in 1857 shook the British government to its very foundation as millions of peasants, artisans, soldiers participated. The mistreatment of Mughal Emperor was also … Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : card, RRB JE The British occasionally showed disrespect to the Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah. The introduction of “Rule of Law” and “Equality before Law” was looked upon with suspicion by the traditional Hindus and Muslims, who were governed by the laws of Dharmshastras and Shariyat. Social 4. Course, Target - XII The proportion of the Indian soldiers as compared to the British soldiers had increased in the army. Pattern, RPSC These missionaries were active in schools, hospitals, prisons and market places, in the spread of Christianity. Mechanical Prep Strategy, IES Sen and Dr. R.C. Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence. PSC, Uttar Pradesh Economic Causes: The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. Therefore, they developed a strong hatred for the British. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. Hence, t… The First War of Independence, 1857 Only the causes (political, socio-religious, economic and military) and consequences will be tested. The right of succession was not only denied to many Hindu princes but also to the once mighty Mughals. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. Academy, Success Mantra IAS That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to … Mysore, other powers e.g. - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, IES Civil Prep Strategy, IES Causes of the War There were social, political, economic, religious, and military causes of this war of independence. PSC, Jammu & Kashmir PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, NPSC Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. The Revolt of 1857 was considered to be India's first "war of independence" and resulted in the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858. Under these circumstances, the Indian soldiers felt that if they stuck at the opportune time they had quite good chances to turn out the British from India. Policy of expansion 2. Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. The people felt that these were meant to encourage conversions to Christianity. To operate these rifles the cover of the cartridges had to be torn with the teeth to load the cartridge into the rifle. The Moghul sultans, the Nawab of Oudh and other kings were tripped … Application form, RRB JE Admit Card, UPSC Post this, India was directly ruled by the British government through … It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. immediate cause of the revolt. This war of Independence marked the end of rule by the British East India company. Prelims Answer key, APPSC The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. So, in this, the issue of greased cartridges became the spark to the fire. It means that every struggle or fighting of the Indians against the English cannot be accepted as a war of Indepedence. Political Causes; The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, etc. The revolt of 1857 was the result of the culmination of popular discontent that had been building up for a long time against the British. What were the political causes for the revolt of 1857? Ans.The earlier revolts were local scattered and isolated. गदर आजादी की पहली लड़ाई Revolt of 1857 mutiny magal pandey first war of Independence doctrine of lapse 1857 का स्वतंत्रता संग्राम gk update News gk update News in Hindi Latest gk update News gk update Headlines GK अपडेट Samachar. In 1854, the soldiers were deprived of their privilege of postage-free letters. Anjali_Gurajapu. Mostly it consisted of the Rajputs and the Brahmans. Eligibility, GATE Admit They … Details, Madhya Pradesh Results, RPSC (Judicial), Power Mind Institute The primary motive of the political domination of India by the British was her economic exploitation. PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Mizoram Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. The revolt of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Great Rebellion and India s first war of independence was the result of colonial policies of the British Raj and prolonged resentment of different sections of Indian society such as Sepoys, Zamindars, Peasants, Artisans against discriminatory British policies. The Indian soldiers were spurred to revolt because of realization of this fact. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Due to this they harboured a grudge against British Raj and found an opportunity in the Sepoy Mutiny to equal scores with the British. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Causes of Failure of 1857 Indian War of Independence. 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